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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and comorbidities after propensity score matching

From: Statin therapy is associated with improved survival in patients with ventricular tachyarrhythmias

Characteristic Non statin
(n = 212; 50%)
statin
(n = 212; 50%)
p value
Age, median (range) 69 (16–92) 68 (25–86) 0.669
Gender, n (%)
 Male 159 (75) 164 (77) 0.569
Ventricular tachyarrhythmias, n (%)
 Ventricular tachycardia 144 (68) 151 (71) 0.460
 Ventricular fibrillation 68 (32) 61 (29)
Prior medical history, n (%)
 Chronic heart failure 71 (34) 72 (34) 0.918
 Coronary artery disease 102 (48) 102 (48) 1.000
 Myocardial infarction 49 (23) 67 (32) 0.050
 Prior PCI 41 (19) 58 (27) 0.051
 Prior CABG 25 (12) 43 (20) 0.017
 Inflammatory heart disease 2 (0.9) 3 (1) 1.000
 Valvular heart disease 30 (14) 21 (10) 0.179
 Implanted cardiac devices
  ICD 40 (19) 38 (18) 0.802
  Pacemaker 10 (5) 9 (4) 0.814
  Ablation therapy 10 (5) 4 (2) 0.103
 Stroke 23 (11) 25 (12) 0.759
 Chronic kidney disease 106 (50) 103 (49) 0.771
 Liver cirrhosis 3 (1) 1 (0.5) 0.623
 COPD/asthma 29 (14) 21 (10) 0.228
Cardiovascular risk factors, n (%)
 Arterial hypertension 124 (59) 141 (67) 0.088
 Diabetes mellitus 56 (26) 55 (26) 0.912
 Hyperlipidemia 41 (19) 101 (48) 0.001
 Smoking 51 (24) 72 (34) 0.025
 Cardiac family history 25 (12) 22 (10) 0.643
Comorbidities at index stay, n (%)
 Acute myocardial infarction 25 (12) 35 (17) 0.164
 STEMI 3 (1) 9 (4) 0.079
 NSTEMI 22 (10) 26 (12) 0.540
 Cardiogenic shock 21 (10) 18 (9) 0.614
 Atrioventricular block 8 (4) 5 (2) 0.398
 Cardiomyopathy 36 (17) 36 (17) 1.000
 Hyperkalemia 1 (0.5) 2 (0.9) 1.000
 Hypokalemia 18 (9) 16 (8) 0.721
 Stroke 9 (4) 8 (4) 0.804
 Intracranial hemorrhage 0 (0) 1 (0.5) 1.000
 Clinically significant bleeding 11 (5) 1 (0.5) 0.003
 Anemia 20 (9) 6 (3) 0.005
 Septic shock 5 (2) 0 (0) 0.061
 Cardiac surgery 4 (2) 7 (3) 0.359
 Inadequate ICD shock 2 (0.9) 2 (0.9) 1.000
 Atrial fibrillation 84 (40) 70 (33) 0.157
  Paroxysmal 55 (26) 43 (20) 0.135
  Persistent 9 (4) 3 (1)
  Permanent 20 (9) 24 (11)
 Asystole 5 (2) 9 (4) 0.277
 PEA 2 (0.9) 0 (0) 0.499
  1. CABG, coronary artery bypass grafting; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ICD, implantable cardioverter- defibrillator; NSTEMI, non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction; PCI, percutaneous coronary intervention; PEA, pulseless electrical activity; STEMI, ST segment myocardial infarction. Bold type indicates p < 0.05