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Table 1 Clinical Characteristics in Control and Wrestling Athlete Participants

From: Association between skeletal muscle mass and serum concentrations of lipoprotein lipase, GPIHBP1, and hepatic triglyceride lipase in young Japanese men

  All Participants Control Participants Athletes p
(n = 111) (n = 41) (n = 70)
Age (years) 20 (19.0–21.0) 19 (18.0–20.0) 20 (19.0–21.0) 0.001
Weight (kg) 66.6 (62.3–74.2) 64.2 (58.1–68.4) 68.4 (63.6–75.9) 0.012
BMI (kg/m2) 23.7 (22.2–25.6) 21.7 (20.1–24.0) 24.2 (23.2–26.0) < 0.001
FMI (kg/m2) 2.7 (2.3–3.7) 3.2 (2.3–4.9) 2.6 (2.2–3.5) 0.024
SMI (kg/m2) 11.9 (11.0–12.5) 10.5 (9.9–11.5) 12.4 (11.9–13.0) < 0.001
TC (mg/dL) 168 (150–186) 171 (156–186) 167 (145–186) 0.452
LDL-C (mg/dL) 94 (83–110) 100 (85–115) 93 (82–105) 0.282
HDL-C (mg/dL) 56 (51–66) 53 (48–63) 59 (53–67) 0.016
TG (mg/dL) 64 (49–81) 66 (49–101) 64 (49–76) 0.288
LPL (ng/mL) 62.5 (52.5–72.6) 52.3 (47.6–59.0) 67.3 (60.2–76.0) < 0.001
GPIHBP1 (pg/mL) 986 (853–1150) 934 (742–1039) 1038 (890–1283) < 0.001
HTGL (ng/mL) 44.1 (33.1–61.1) 43.9 (34.6–61.3) 45.5 (30.0–61.0) 0.525
FT3 (pg/mL) 3.22 (3.09–3.39) 3.18 (3.04–3.34) 3.23 (3.10–3.41) 0.115
FT4 (ng/dL) 1.04 (0.98–1.10) 1.02 (0.98–1.10) 1.05 (0.97–1.11) 0.318
TSH (μIU/mL) 1.78 (1.24–2.25) 1.84 (1.19–2.12) 1.67 (1.36–2.30) 0.647
  1. Data are expressed as median (25th–75th percentile)
  2. Wrestling athletes were compared with control participants using the unpaired Student’s t test or Mann-Whitney U test as appropriate
  3. BMI body mass index, FMI fat mass index, SMI skeletal muscle index, TC total cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglyceride, LPL lipoprotein lipase, GPIHBP1 glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored high-density lipoprotein binding protein 1, HTGL hepatic triglyceride lipase, FT3 free 3,5,3′-triiodothyronine, FT4 free thyroxine, TSH thyrotropin