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Table 6 Univariate and multivariate analysis of associated factors and dyslipidemia in T2DM Thai patients

From: Prevalence of dyslipidemia associated with complications in diabetic patients: a nationwide study in Thailand

  Total Dyslipidemia Adjusted odds ratio 95% CI p-value
n %
Gender
 Male 42,902 26,551 84.62 1  
 Female 97,627 65,107 90.80 1.47 (1.38–1.56) < 0.001
Age (years)* 60.31 ± 10.79 (18–99)     
  ≥ 50 117,853 76,562 88.50 1  
  < 50 22,626 15,055 91.12 1.16 (1.10–1.22) < 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) **
  < 18.50 4736 2853 82.86 1  
 18.5–22.9 33,806 21,918 87.65 1.97 (1.80–2.15) < 0.001
 23.0–24.9 27,105 18,135 89.77 1.51 (1.39–1.64) < 0.001
 25.0–29.9 47,290 31,632 90.19 1.92 (1.77–2.09) < 0.001
  ≥ 30.0 18,671 12,466 89.83 2.03 (1.87–2.20) < 0.001
Waist circumference (cm)
 Male < 90, Female < 80 12,233 8131 84.55 1  
 Male ≥90, Female ≥80 30,309 21,469 89.29 1.23 (1.16–1.31) < 0.001
Hospital setting
 Tertiary Care Hospital 40,040 27,294 87.58 1  
 Secondary Care Hospital 30,460 19,334 87.25 0.99 (0.94–1.03) 0.583
 Primary Care Unit 62,806 42,051 91.02 1.28 (1.23–1.33) < 0.001
Smoking
 Non-smoker 108,340 72,923 89.27 1  
 Ex-smoker 8608 5561 86.15 1.12 (1.05–1.20) < 0.001
 Current smoker 5434 3595 87.05 1.23 (1.13–1.33) < 0.001
Complications
 Unknown stroke
  No 63,781 42,384 87.86 1  
  Yes 641 399 85.81 1.1 (1.02–1.19) 0.011
 Coronary revascularization
  No 66,791 44,764 88.16 1  
  Yes 301 188 82.10 0.85 (0.79–0.91) < 0.001
 Diabetic nephropathy
  No 72,468 49,062 88.21 1  
  Yes 9325 6443 90.00 1.06 (1.01–1.12) 0.031
 Renal insufficiency
  No 68,058 45,879 88.03 1  
  Yes 12,957 8780 90.22 1.08 (1.02–1.13) 0.005
  1. Multiple logistic regression; using Multivariate Imputation by Chained Equations, Both direction
  2. After adjusted for cerebrovascular accident, cerebral infarction, hemorrhagic stroke, myocardial infarction, and neuropathy