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Table 1 Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics

From: A combination of omega-3 and plant sterols regulate glucose and lipid metabolism in individuals with impaired glucose regulation: a randomized and controlled clinical trial

Characteristic Placebo PS Omega-3 PS + Omega-3 P value
n = 28 n = 30 n = 35 n = 41
Female (%) 17 (60.71) 12 (0.40) 17 (48.57) 23 (56.10) 0.39
Age (years) 56.18 ± 4.06 56.17 ± 7.17 58.94 ± 7.21 55.63 ± 7.44 0.16
HT (cm) 162.52 ± 8.72 163.53 ± 8.41 164.23 ± 9.03 162.24 ± 8.06 0.746
Weight (kg) 69.82 ± 10.95 69.52 ± 10.48 69.54 ± 11.81 69.61 ± 10.46 1
BMI (kg/m2) 26.45 ± 3.81 26.18 ± 4.71 25.68 ± 2.98 26.43 ± 3.39 0.81
Waistline (cm) 94.84 ± 9.05 90.1 ± 6.71 90.4 ± 8.78 90.85 ± 9.69 0.136
Systolic pressure (mmHg) 132.36 ± 11.81 137.43 ± 12.91 136.69 ± 10.31 138.76 ± 14.57 0.218
Diastolic pressure (mmHg) 84.07 ± 11.15 85.63 ± 9.5 85.91 ± 10.61 84.63 ± 9.3 0.876
FPG (mmol/l) 6.49 ± 0.28 6.44 ± 0.23 6.56 ± 0.27 6.50 ± 0.26 0.369
FINS (mU/L) 10.28 ± 4.13 10.15 ± 3.14 9.85 ± 4.29 10.22 ± 5.47 0.98
HOMA-IR 2.96 ± 1.19 2.9 ± 0.89 2.86 ± 1.21 2.96 ± 1.58 0.983
HbA1c (%) 6.49 ± 0.43 6.21 ± 0.69 6.29 ± 0.74 6.36 ± 0.85 0.487
TC (mmol/l) 5.29 ± 0.82 5.42 ± 0.88 5.39 ± 0.62 5.35 ± 1.16 0.95
TG (mmol/l) 2.05 ± 0.71 2.07 ± 0.94 2.06 ± 0.84 2.07 ± 0.79 0.857
HDL-C (mmol/l) 1.22 ± 0.23 1.14 ± 0.25 1.19 ± 0.17 1.17 ± 0.23 0.632
LDL-C (mmol/l) 3.11 ± 0.90 2.56 ± 0.97 3.00 ± 0.63 2.98 ± 0.80 0.058
Hs-CRP (mg/L) 1.48 ± 0.69 1.13 ± 0.33 1.10 ± 0.85 1.11 ± 0.82 0.13
IL-6 (pg/ml) 3.03 ± 1.19 2.83 ± 1.14 2.98 ± 1.32 2.85 ± 1.36 0.9
Body fat rate (%) 32.68 ± 9.12 29.26 ± 6.97 29.65 ± 7.47 29.87 ± 8.44 0.353
Visceral fat rating 12.07 ± 4.06 11.47 ± 4.41 12.03 ± 4.27 12.07 ± 4.62 0.934
  1. Data were presented as mean ± SD or n (%). PS plant sterol, HT Height, BMI body mass index, FPG fasting plasma glucose, HbA1c glycated hemoglobin, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, SD standard deviation