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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Proneness to high blood lipid-related indices in female smokers

Variables Nonsmokers Smokers Overall participants
Number 15,398 3395 18,793
Age (years) 49.1 ± 7.7 45.8 ± 7.3** 48.5 ± 7.7
Drinkers (%)
 Occasional drinkers 28.8 34.8** 29.8
 Regular drinkers 6.8 21.3** 9.5
Regular exercise (%) 5.3 5.7 5.4
Height (cm) 156.0 ± 5.6 157.4 ± 5.6** 156.3 ± 5.6
WC (cm) 78.2 ± 9.5 77.1 ± 9.8** 78.0 ± 9.6
WHtR 0.502 ± 0.064 0.490 ± 0.063** 0.500 ± 0.064
Large WC (%) 11.5 10.4 11.3
High WHtR (%) 47.6 39.5** 46.2
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 78 (55, 114) 80 (56, 119)** 78 (55, 115)
HDL-C (mg/dl) 65.5 ± 14.8 64.1 ± 15.5** 65.3 ± 14.9
LDL-C (mg/dl) 115.3 ± 29.7 110.4 ± 31.4** 114.5 ± 30.1
High triglycerides (%) 13.0 14.7** 13.3
Low HDL-C (%) 13.0 16.4** 13.6
High LDL-C (%) 19.8 16.8** 19.3
LDL-C/HDL-C 1.87 ± 0.70 1.86 ± 0.78 1.87 ± 0.72
TG/HDL-C 1.19 (0.78, 1.94) 1.25 (0.81, 2.10)** 1.21 (0.79, 1.97)
LAP 16.6 (9.0, 30.3) 15.6 (8.5, 29.5)* 16.4 (8.9, 30.1)
CMI 0.59 (0.37, 1.02) 0.60 (0.38, 1.06)* 0.59 (0.37, 1.02)
High LDL-C/HDL-C (%) 2.8 4.2** 3.0
High TG/HDL-C (%) 6.3 8.0** 6.6
High LAP (%) 39.3 37.4* 39.0
High CMI (%) 35.1 36.5 35.3
  1. Shown are numbers, frequencies, means ± standard deviations, and medians with 25 and 75 percentile values. WC, waist circumference; WHtR, ratio of waist circumference to height; HDL-C, HDL cholesterol; LDL-C, LDL cholesterol; LDL-C/HDL-C, ratio of LDL cholesterol to HDL cholesterol; TG/HDL-C, ratio of triglycerides to HDL cholesterol. Asterisks denote significant differences from nonsmokers (*, p < 0.05; **, p < 0.01)