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Table 1 Characteristics of subjects stratified by ischemic stroke

From: Assessing the performance of monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio for predicting ischemic stroke: insights from a population-based Chinese cohort

Variables Ischemic stroke (N = 194) Non-ischemic stroke (N = 7954) P value a
Age (years) 64.48 ± 8.87 53.87 ± 10.39 <0.001
Male (%) 86 (44.3) 3641 (45.8) 0.690
Race (Han) (%) 188 (96.9) 7740 (97.3) 0.773
Education level (%)    <0.001
 Primary school or below 142 (73.2) 4171 (52.4)  
 Middle school 40 (20.6) 3091 (38.9)  
 High school or above 12 (6.2) 692 (8.7)  
Income (CNY) (%)    <0.001
 ≤5000 56 (28.9) 795 (10.0)  
 5000–20,000 100 (51.5) 4183 (52.6)  
 >20,000 38 (19.6) 2976 (37.4)  
Physical activity (%)    <0.001
 Low 142 (73.2) 3038 (38.2)  
 Middle 24 (12.4) 1522 (19.1)  
 High 28 (14.4) 3394 (42.7)  
 Current smoking (%) 53 (27.3) 2712 (34.1) 0.049
 Current drinking (%) 21 (10.8) 1712 (21.5) <0.001
 Diet score 1.72 ± 1.15 2.28 ± 1.14 <0.001
 Height (cm) 158.46 ± 8.12 160.72 ± 8.14 <0.001
 Weight (kg) 62.53 ± 9.54 63.53 ± 11.31 0.153
 BMI (kg/m2) 24.91 ± 3.41 24.53 ± 3.61 0.151
 SBP (mmHg) 154.16 ± 25.31 138.29 ± 21.71 <0.001
 DBP (mmHg) 85.85 ± 11.88 81.76 ± 11.60 <0.001
 Scr (μmol/L) 78.60 (70.48–88.63) 73.70 (66.60–82.10) <0.001
 FPG (mmol/L) 5.84 (5.38–6.59) 5.60 (5.22–6.09) <0.001
 TC (mmol/L) 5.48 ± 1.06 5.31 ± 1.11 0.038
 TG (mmol/L) 1.81 (1.17–2.69) 1.29 (0.91–1.95) <0.001
 HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.24 ± 0.28 1.34 ± 0.32 <0.001
 LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.01 ± 0.80 2.89 ± 0.80 0.033
 WBC count (109/L) 6.30 (5.30–7.60) 6.00 (4.90–7.10) <0.001
 Neutrophil count (109/L) 3.80 (3.00–4.64) 3.40 (2.70–4.30) <0.001
 Lymphocyte count (109/L) 1.90 (1.60–2.40) 1.90 (1.60–2.40) 0.593
 Monocyte count (109/L) 0.50 (0.35–0.68) 0.41 (0.30–0.60) 0.004
 Hypertension (%) 167 (86.1) 3642 (45.8) <0.001
 Diabetes (%) 46 (23.7) 828 (10.4) <0.001
 Lipid-lowering drug (%) 30 (15.5%) 242 (3.0%) <0.001
 MHR 0.39 (0.27–0.55) 0.34 (0.23–0.48) <0.001
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation (SD) or median (interquartile range) and numbers (percentage) as appropriate
  2. Abbreviations: CNY Chinese currency (1CNY = 0.15 USD), BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, Scr serum creatinine, FPG fasting plasma glucose, TC total cholesterol; TG triglyceride, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, WBC white blood cell, MHR monocyte count to high-density lipoprotein ratio
  3. aComparisons of category variables between groups were tested by chi-square test or rank-sum test (ordinal category variables) and comparisons for continuous variables between groups were tested by Student’s t or Mann-Whitney test