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Table 1 Anthropometrical characteristics and laboratory tests from participating individuals

From: Association of Omentin rs2274907 and FTO rs9939609 gene polymorphisms with insulin resistance in Iranian individuals with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes

Parameters a Case (n = 83) Control (n = 85) P value
Age (years) 50.95 ± 11.84 50.51 ± 11.7 0.806
Gender (female %) 63.8% 64.7% 0.909
Familial history of diabetes (%) 77.1% 32.9% 0.0001
Hypertension (%) 51.8% 17.6% 0.0001
Smoking (%) 26.5% 14.1% 0.055
BMI 28.26 ± 2.81 24.55 ± 1.39 0.001
FBG (mmol/L) b 9.45 ± 2.56 4.99 ± 0.54 0.0001
Insulin (μIU/ml) b 13.45 ± 5.97 10.05 ± 4.9 0.094
HOMA-IRb 5.39 ± 1.37 2.3 ± 1.89 0.0001
TG (mg/dl) c 221.6 ± 47.7 134.2 ± 28.9 0.0001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) c 184.4 ± 38.2 158.5 ± 32.0 0.125
LDL (mg/dl) c 97.4 ± 31.2 86.4 ± 24.9 0.083
HDL (mg/dl) c 39.4 ± 10.8 40.4 ± 8.9 0.545
TC/HDL ratio c 4.85 ± 1.4 4.03 ± 0.92 0.096
LDL/HDL ratio c 2.55 ± 0.82 2.20 ± 0.71 0.085
FTO rs9939609 polymorphism (% polymorphic allele) 39.2% 20% 0.0001
Omentin rs2274907 polymorphism (% polymorphic allele) 27.1% 15.8% 0.011
  1. a Data are expressed as arithmetic mean ± SD
  2. b Diabetes screening tests reference values: Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) Normal: 3.9–5.5, Prediabetic: 5.6–6.9, Diabetes ≥7; Insulin: 2–25; Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR): Normal: < 2.0, Moderate IR: 2.0–4.5, Severe IR: > 4.5;
  3. c Lipid panel reference values: Triglyceride (TG): Normal: < 150, Borderline: 150–199, High: 200–499, Very high: > 500; Total cholesterol (TC): Normal: < 200, Borderline: 200–239, High: > 240; Low density lipoprotein (LDL): Optimal: < 100, Near optimal: 100–129, Borderline: 130–159, High: 160–189, Very high: > 190; High density lipoprotein (HDL): Low: < 40, Normal: 40–60, High: > 60; Total cholesterol/High density lipoprotein ratio (TC/HDL): Low risk < 5, Average risk < 5–7, High risk > 7, Very high risk > 11; Low density lipoprotein/ High density lipoprotein ratio (LDL/HDL): Low risk: < 3.4, Average risk: 3.4–5, High risk > 5