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Table 2 Logistic OR (95% CIs) for diabetes mellitus and continuous measures of LDL-C

From: U-shaped association between low-density lipid cholesterol and diabetes mellitus in patients with hypertension

  No. of participants model1 model2 model3
Overall (per 1 mmol/L increase) 9892 0.88(0.837,0.926)** 0.893(0.848,0.94)** 0.944(0.893,0.998)**
Per 1 mmol/L decrease in first group (LDL-C < 3.4 mmol/L) 5038 1.364(1.201,1.550)* 1.380(1.213,1.569)* 1.240(1.076,1.429)**
Per 1 mmol/L increase in second group(3.4 ≤ LDL-C < 4.1 mmol/L) 2847 0.657(0.436,0.990)* 0.700(0.463,1.057)* 0.746(0.485,1.149)
Per 1 mmol/L increase in third group (LDL-C ≥ 4.1 mmol/L) 2007 1.270(1.073,1.503)** 1.489(1.108,2.003)** 1.536(1.126,2.096)**
  1. model1, unadjusted;
  2. model2, adjusted for age, sex;
  3. model3, adjusted for age, sex,smoking, alcohol consumption, history of CAD, stroke, consumption of β-blockers, calcium channel blockers, ACEI/ARB, statin, BMI, SBP, DBP, TG, HDL-C and eGFR;
  4. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01;OR, odds ratio; CIs, confidence Intervals