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Table 1 Mean ± S. D of the measured variables in the four studied groups

From: Bee pollen and propolis improve neuroinflammation and dysbiosis induced by propionic acid, a short chain fatty acid in a rodent model of autism

Parameters Groups Mean ± S.D. P valuea P valueb
IFNG (pg/ml) Control 120.70 ± 167.85   0.046
PPA 127.08 ± 192.57 1.000
Be pollen 17.05 ± 26.48 0.024
Propolis 23.23 ± 22.52 0.337
IL-1A (pg/ml) Control 181.05 ± 65.52   0.035
PPA 217.85 ± 76.89 0.531
Be pollen 116.39 ± 40.72 0.109
Propolis 168.96 ± 15.29 0.981
IL-6 (pg/ml) Control 18.87 ± 4.69   0.091
PPA 80.56 ± 63.58 0.050
Be pollen 21.94 ± 25.93 0.336
Propolis 21.58 ± 15.36 0.630
IL-10 (PG/ML) Control 213.86 ± 212.98   0.050
PPA 76.76 ± 36.44 0.015
Be pollen 94.08 ± 28.87 0.022
Propolis 231.39 ± 270.26 0.572
IL-12(P70) (pg/ml) Control 82.07 ± 8.65   0.094
PPA 71.03 ± 7.57 0.336
Be pollen 70.11 ± 13.10 0.271
Propolis 69.14 ± 7.35 0.214
VEGF (pg/ml) Control 5.95 ± 2.43   0.010
PPA 5.36 ± 2.64 0.575
Be pollen 3.58 ± 0.85 0.025
Propolis 3.41 ± 0.53 0.010
TNFA (pg/ml) c Control 17.11 ± 1.39   0.003
PPA 14.50 ± 0.91 0.140
Be pollen 13.95 ± 3.27 0.057
Propolis 11.72 ± 2.24 0.001
  1. a P value between each group and the control group
  2. b P value among all groups