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Table 2 Anthropometric measures according to quintiles (Q) of fat quality indices

From: Dietary fat quantity and quality in relation to general and abdominal obesity in women: a cross-sectional study from Ghana

VariableBMI(Kg/m2)WC (cm)WHtR
Mean ± SDP1P2Mean ± SDP1P2Mean ± SDP1P2
PSR
 Q1 (55)25.2 ± 5.2  81.6 ± 10.2  0.50 ± 0.06  
 Q2 (56)22.0 ± 5.2  72.7 ± 13.5  0.46 ± 0.08  
 Q3 (55)22.5 ± 3.60.60.175.7 ± 7.40.90.060.47 ± 0.050.90.1
 Q4 (56)24.5 ± 4.1  80.0 ± 9.2  0.50 ± 0.06  
 Q5 (55)23.5 ± 4.2  77.9 ± 9.2  0.48 ± 0.06  
ω-3/ω-6
 Q1 (55)21.6 ± 4.4  72.8 ± 9.9  0.46 ± 0.06  
 Q2 (56)23.9 ± 4.6  79.3 ± 10.4  0.50 ± 0.07  
 Q3 (55)24.3 ± 4.90.090.05778.4 ± 10.00.10.030.48 ± 0.060.070.058
 Q4 (56)25.4 ± 4.2  83.1 ± 8.8  0.52 ± 0.06  
 Q5 (55)22.5 ± 4.4  74.3 ± 10.3  0.47 ± 0.07  
h/H
 Q1 (55)25.5 ± 5.5  81.4 ± 12.4  0.51 ± 0.07  
 2 (56)21.9 ± 4.1  73.0 ± 8.9  0.46 ± 0.06  
 Q3 (55)24.1 ± 4.60.040.678.9 ± 11.30.40.70.49 ± 0.070.20.7
 Q4 (56)23.4 ± 4.2  77.3 ± 8.6  0.49 ± 0.06  
 Q5 (55)22.8 ± 3/9  77.4 ± 9.5  0.48 ± 0.06  
AI
 Q1 (55)22.8 ± 4.1  76.8 ± 9.9  0.47 ± 0.06  
 Q2 (56)24.2 ± 4.4  79.2 ± 8.4  0.49 ± 0.06  
 Q3 (55)23.5 ± 3.60.20.478.1 ± 7.90.50.30.48 ± 0.050.40.2
 Q4 (56)21.7 ± 4.9  71.6 ± 12.4  0.45 ± 0.08  
 Q5 (55)25.4 ± 5.3  82.2 ± 10.7  0.51 ± 0.07  
TI
 Q1 (55)22.4 ± 3.1  74.7 ± 7.1  0.47 ± 0.05  
 Q2 (56)24.5 ± 4.8  80.5 ± 10.7  0.49 ± 0.06  
 Q3 (55)22.9 ± 3.90.040.0675.8 ± 9.00.030.070.48 ± 0.060.060.03
 Q4 (56)22.3 ± 4.9  75.1 ± 12.4  0.47 ± 0.07  
 Q5 (55)25.5 ± 5.3  82.0 ± 10.8  0.51 ± 0.08  
LI
 Q1 (55)22.9 ± 3.8  77.6 ± 9.3  0.48 ± 0.05  
 Q2 (56)23.9 ± 4.3  77.4 ± 9.2  0.48 ± 0.06  
 Q3 (55)23.2 ± 4.50.030.0477.1 ± 9.30.20.070.48 ± 0.060.10.02
 Q4 (56)21.9 ± 4.7  73.1 ± 12.4  0.46 ± 0.07  
 Q5 (55)26.0 ± 5.1  82.7 ± 10.1  0.52 ± 0.06  
TF
 Q1 (55)24.0 ± 5.4  79.8 ± 12.7  0.49 ± 0.08  
 Q2 (56)23.7 ± 4.2  79.0 ± 9.1  0.49 ± 0.05  
 Q3 (55)23.3 ± 3.80.70.177.2 ± 8.20.060.030.48 ± 0.050.10.06
 Q4 (56)22.2 ± 3.9  73.5 ± 9.6  0.46 ± 0.06  
 Q5 (55)24.4 ± 5.3  78.4 ± 11.5  0.48 ± 0.07  
  1. P for trend (P1; unadjusted model test of trend using ANOVA with contrast function, P2; Significance level of test for trend association in adjusted linear regression model with adjustment for age (continuous); asset score (continuous); physical activity level (natural log transformed); dietary energy/kcal (continuous); woman education (categorical); husband education (categorical); occupation woman (categorical); occupation husband (categorical); marital status (categorical). In all multiple regression models, dummy variables were created for categorical covariates. To analyze the linear trends in the adjusted models, the median values of PSR, ∑ω-3/∑ω-6, h/H, AI, TI, LI and TF were imputed for each quintile and the new variables were treated as continuous variables in linear regression model. TF; percentage of energy obtained from dietary fat. P < 0·05 was considered statistically significant. WC Waist circumference, BMI Body Mass Index, WHtR Waist to Height Ratio, ANOVA One-Way Analysis of Variance, PSR polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids ratio, ∑ω-3/∑ω-6; omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acids ratio, h/H hypo and hypercholesterolemic fatty acids ratio, AI Atherogenicity index, TI Thrombogenic index, LI Dietary lipophilic index, TF Percentage of energy from total fat