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Table 2 Characteristics of metabolically healthy and unhealthy subjects

From: Fatty acid profile and estimated desaturase activities in whole blood are associated with metabolic health

  Metabolically healthy (n = 150) Metabolically unhealthy (n = 52) P
Demographics
 Age, years (mean ± (SD)) 55.5 ± 14.8 60.5 ± 12.1 0.017
 Men, n (%) 34 (22.7) 19 (36.5) 0.132 1
  ≤ 13 years of schooling, n (%) 77 (54.6) 26 (51.0) 0.854 1
 Smokers (daily or occasional), n (%) 18 (12.3) 5 (9.6) 0.607 1
Risk factors (mean ± (SD))
 BMI, kg/m2 26.6 ± 4.6 28.8 ± 4.5 0.003
 Total cholesterol, mmol/l 6.2 ± 1.1 6.7 ± 1.0 0.012
 LDL-cholesterol, mmol/l 3.8 ± 1.0 4.0 ± 0.9 0.073
 HDL-cholesterol, mmol/l 1.9 ± 0.5 1.4 ± 0.4 < 0.001
 NonHDL, mmol/l 4.3 ± 0.9 5.2 ± 0.9 < 0.001
 Triglycerides, mmol/l 1.3 ± 0.5 2.9 ± 1.1 < 0.001
 HbA1c, % 5.4 ± 0.2 5.8 ± 0.4 < 0.001
 Systolic BP, mmHg 126.2 ± 16.1 126.6 ± 16.8 0.857
 Diastolic BP, mmHg 79.5 ± 9.9 80.4 ± 10.1 0.567
 Physical activity, min/week2,3 231 (79.3, 469) 114 (0, 247) 0.002
  1. Demographics as frequency [n (%)] and age were obtained 52 weeks prior to the present data collection. Risk factors are expressed as mean ± SD. P values from Student’s t-test. P is significant at 0.05 level. 1P value from Chi-square test. BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin A1c. 2Given as median (25th – 75th percentile). 3Mann-Whitney U test