Skip to main content

Table 3 Associated factors for BHA dyslipidemia in stratification of gender identified from 26,378 participants from rural Hua County, China, 2012–2016

From: Gender heterogeneity in dyslipidemia prevalence, trends with age and associated factors in middle age rural Chinese

Variable Male (N = 12,925) Female (N = 13,453) P value for interactionc
Abnormal / Normal numbers (n1/n2) Crude OR a (95%CI) Adjusted OR b (95%CI) β coefficient (SE) b Abnormal / Normal numbers (n1/n2) Crude OR a (95%CI) Adjusted OR b (95%CI) β coefficient (SE) b
Age group
 45–49 1371/1330 Ref Ref 1198/1947 Ref Ref < 0.001
 50–54 1055/1187 0.86 (0.77–0.96) 0.91 (0.81–1.02) −0.09 (0.06) 1262/1364 1.50 (1.35–1.67) 1.51 (1.35–1.68) 0.41 (0.05)  
 55–59 1187/1503 0.77 (0.69–0.85) 0.88 (0.79–0.99) − 0.12 (0.06) 1597/1144 2.27 (2.04–2.52) 2.32 (2.08–2.58) 0.84 (0.05)  
 60–64 1349/1890 0.69 (0.62–0.77) 0.81 (0.72–0.90) −0.22 (0.06) 1797/1205 2.42 (2.19–2.69) 2.49 (2.24–2.77) 0.91 (0.05)  
 65–69 817/1236 0.64 (0.57–0.72) 0.76 (0.67–0.86) −0.27 (0.06) 1207/732 2.68 (2.38–3.01) 2.76 (2.45–3.11) 1.02 (0.06)  
Ptrendd   < 0.001 < 0.001    < 0.001 < 0.001   
Job
 Physical worker 5564/6980 Ref Ref 7010/6355 Ref Ref 0.560
 Nonphysical worker 215/166 1.62 (1.32–2.00) 1.38 (1.11–1.71) 0.32 (0.11) 51/37 1.25 (0.82–1.91) 1.57 (1.01–2.44) 0.45 (0.22)  
Body mass index
  ≤ 24.0 kg/m2 1552/3259 Ref Ref 2232/2765 Ref Ref < 0.001
 24.1–27.9 kg/m2 2550/2844 1.88 (1.74–2.04) 1.84 (1.69–1.99) 0.61 (0.04) 2990/2485 1.49 (1.38–1.61) 1.52 (1.40–1.65) 0.42 (0.04)  
  ≥ 28.0 kg/m2 1655/1015 3.42 (3.10–3.78) 3.19 (2.88–3.53) 1.16 (0.05) 1819/1129 2.00 (1.82–2.19) 2.03 (1.84–2.23) 0.71 (0.05)  
Ptrendd   < 0.001 < 0.001    < 0.001 < 0.001   
Blood pressure
 Nonhypertension 2312/3270 Ref Ref 3066/3371 Ref Ref 0.003
 Hypertension 3432/3828 1.27 (1.18–1.36) 1.11 (1.03–1.20) 0.11 (0.04) 3957/2995 1.45 (1.36–1.56) 1.24 (1.16–1.33) 0.22 (0.04)  
Source of drinking water
 Deep well 3734/4819 Ref Ref 4598/4324 Ref Ref 0.735
 Shallow well or others 2045/2327 1.13 (1.05–1.22) 1.21 (1.12–1.30) 0.19 (0.04) 2463/2068 1.12 (1.04–1.20) 1.14 (1.06–1.23) 0.13 (0.04)  
Smoking
 No 1773/2195 Ref Ref 6976/6325 Ref Ref 0.708
 Moderate amount 3005/3652 1.02 (0.94–1.10) 1.03 (0.95–1.12) 0.03 (0.04) 79/61 1.17 (0.84–1.64) 0.98 (0.69–1.39) −0.02 (0.18)  
 Large amount 985/1270 0.96 (0.87–1.07) 0.97 (0.87–1.09) − 0.03 (0.06) 5/5 0.91 (0.26–3.13) 0.65 (0.18–2.43) − 0.43 (0.67)  
Ptrendd   0.576 0.788    0.452 0.709   
Alcohol drinking
 No 2969/4227 Ref Ref 7017/6356 Ref Ref 0.461
 Moderate amount 1992/2285 1.24 (1.15–1.34) 1.16 (1.07–1.25) 0.15 (0.04) 43/31 1.26 (0.79–2.00) 1.26 (0.78–2.04) 0.23 (0.25)  
 Large amount 813/628 1.84 (1.64–2.07) 1.65 (1.46–1.87) 0.50 (0.06) 1/3 0.30 (0.03–2.90) 0.24 (0.02–2.52) −1.42 (1.19)  
Ptrendd   < 0.001 < 0.001    0.679 0.728   
Fried food intake
 Seldom 3894/4949 Ref Ref 5255/4669 Ref Ref 0.112
 Often 1885/2197 1.09 (1.01–1.17) 0.98 (0.90–1.06) −0.02 (0.04) 1806/1723 0.93 (0.86–1.01) 0.89 (0.82–0.97) − 0.12 (0.04)  
Salty food intake
 Seldom 940/1244 Ref Ref 1543/1494 Ref Ref 0.816
 Often 4839/902 1.09 (0.99–1.19) 1.10 (1.00–1.21) 0.09 (0.05) 5518/4898 0.95 (0.82–1.10) 1.06 (0.97–1.15) 0.06 (0.04)  
Spicy food intake          0.887
 Seldom 3489/4604 Ref Ref 4538/4257 Ref Ref  
 Often 2290/2542 1.19 (1.11–1.28) 1.05 (0.97–1.14) 0.05 (0.04) 2523/2135 1.11 (1.03–1.19) 1.20 (1.11–1.30) 0.18 (0.04)  
Heartburn and regurgitation
 No 4025/5195 Ref Ref 5130/4843 Ref Ref 0.535
 Yes 1754/1951 1.16 (1.07–1.25) 1.08 (1.00–1.17) 0.08 (0.04) 1931/1549 1.18 (1.09–1.27) 1.13 (1.05–1.23) 0.12 (0.04)  
Self-reported diabetes history
 No 5648/7036 Ref Ref 6867/6283 Ref Ref 0.560
 Yes 131/110 1.48 (1.15–1.92) 1.30 (0.99–1.69) 0.26 (0.14) 194/109 1.63 (1.28–2.06) 1.31 (1.03–1.67) 0.27 (0.12)  
  1. a Crude OR was calculated from Univariate Logistic Model
  2. b Coefficient and adjusted OR were calculated from Multiple Logistic Model. Adjustment variables included age group, job, BMI, blood pressure, source of drinking water, smoking, alcohol drinking, fried food intake, salty food intake, spicy food intake, heartburn and regurgitation and self-reported diabetes history
  3. cP value for interaction was derived by adding the interaction term of the specific risk factor (one term at a time) and gender variable into the model
  4. dP values were derived from the Cochran-Armitage test for trend