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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants according to AIP tertiles

From: Association between atherogenic index of plasma and coronary artery calcification progression in Korean adults

  T1 T2 T3 P value
N 376 373 375  
Age (years) 51.4± 8.0 52.0± 7.4 51.3±7.7 0.43
Sex (M/F) 182/194 281/92 331/44  
SBP (mmHg) 120.5±16.6 123.4±15.6 126.6±14.5 <0.01
DBP (mmHg) 74.8±10.5 77.6±9.6 80.1±8.7 <0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 22.9±2.8 24.1±2.7 25.4±2.8 <0.01
FPG (mmol/L) 5.08±0.80 5.40±0.80 5.67±1.11 <0.01
TC (mmol/L) 5.00±0.83 5.09±0.92 5.25±0.99 <0.01
TG (mmol/L) 0.75±0.18 1.21±0.26 2.17±0.67 <0.01
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.60±0.29 1.28±0.22 1.06±0.2 <0.01
LDL-C (mmol/L) 3.04±0.76 3.3±0.82 3.37±0.89 <0.01
AIP -0.31(-0.41, -0.24) -0.03(-0.09, 0.04) 0.27(0.18, 0.39) <0.01
HTN (%) 68(18.1) 102(27.3) 114(30.5) <0.01
DM (%) 17(4.5) 27(7.2) 37(12.6) <0.01
Alcohol (%) 46(12.2) 62(16.6) 64(17.1) 0.12
Smoking (%) 19(5.1) 44(11.8) 59(15.8) <0.01
Exercise (%) 63(16.8) 73(19.6) 52(13.9) 0.12
Baseline CACS 13.3±46.9 23.8±79.1 25.8±90.3 <0.05
Categorical CACS     <0.01
 0 289(76.9) 265 (71.0) 260 (69.3)  
 0< and ≤10 23 (6.1) 29 (7.8) 26 (6.9)  
 >10 64(17.0) 79(21.2) 89 (23.8)  
 Baseline Ln (CACS+1) 0.75±1.53 1.02±1.78 1.03±1.77 0.03
 CAC > 0 (%) 87 (23.1) 108 (29.0) 117 (31.2) <0.05
  1. Data are mean ± SD, number (percentage), or median (interquartile range)
  2. Statistical significances were tested by Oneway analysis of variances among groups
  3. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, AIP atherogenic index of plasma, HTN hypertension, DM diabetes mellitus, Alcohol moderate drinking, Smoking current smoker, Exercise regular exercise of moderate intensity, CACS coronary artery calcium score