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Table 2 Univariate analysis of carotid plaques

From: Relationship between the non-HDLc-to-HDLc ratio and carotid plaques in a high stroke risk population: a cross-sectional study in China

Variables Statistics OR (95%CI) β P
Sex
 Female 384 (45.8) Ref   
 Male 455 (54.2) 1.50 (1.13, 1.98) 0.402 0.005
Age (years) 63.6 ± 9.9 1.07 (1.05, 1.09) 0.068 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 25.79 ± 3.29 0.97 (0.93, 1.01) − 0.033 0.132
SBP (mmHg) 140.27 ± 14.98 1.02 (1.01, 1.03) 0.021 < 0.001
DBP (mmHg) 87.41 ± 9.19 1.02 (1.00, 1.03) 0.016 0.033
FBG (mmol/L) 6.50 ± 2.15 1.07 (1.00, 1.14) 0.069 0.035
TG (mmol/L) 1.53 (1.12–2.18) 0.95 (0.86, 1.05) −0.048 0.339
TC (mmol/L) 4.74 ± 0.92 1.33 (1.14, 1.54) 0.282 < 0.001
LDLc (mmol/L) 2.58 ± 0.76 1.45 (1.20, 1.75) 0.371 < 0.001
HDLc (mmol/L) 1.29 ± 0.34 0.93 (0.62, 1.40) −0.072 0.730
non-HDLc (mmol/L) 3.46 ± 0.90 1.36 (1.16, 1.59) 0.306 < 0.001
non-HDLc/HDLc 2.88 ± 1.05 1.23 (1.07, 1.40) 0.204 0.003
HCY (μmol/L) 9.0 (6.0–13.0) 1.06 (1.04, 1.09) 0.059 < 0.001
Region
 Urban 428 (51.0) Ref   
 Rural 411 (49.0) 1.46 (1.10, 1.92) 0.376 0.008
Education
 Primary school or under 307 (36.6) Ref   
 Middle or high school 441 (52.6) 0.78 (0.58, 1.04) −0.253 0.094
 College and above 58 (6.9) 1.11 (0.63, 1.95) 0.104 0.717
 Not reported 33 (3.9) 0.73 (0.35, 1.53) −0.317 0.403
Employment status
 Unemployed 283 (33.7) Ref   
 Employed 462 (55.1) 1.03 (0.76, 1.39) 0.026 0.866
 Not reported 94 (11.2) 1.01 (0.63, 1.62) 0.006 0.981
 Overweight
 No 439 (52.3) Ref   
 Yes 400 (47.7) 0.83 (0.63, 1.09) −0.190 0.178
Lack of exercise
 No 377 (44.9) Ref   
 Yes 462 (55.1) 0.70 (0.53, 0.93) −0.355 0.012
Smoking
 No 497 (59.2) Ref   
 Yes 342 (40.8) 1.57 (1.18, 2.07) 0.449 0.002
Family history of stroke
 No 663 (79.0) Ref   
 Yes 176 (21.0) 1.08 (0.77, 1.51) 0.073 0.670
History of stroke
 No 663 (79.0) Ref   
 Yes 176 (21.0) 1.67 (1.19, 2.33) 0.512 0.003
History of TIA
 No 800 (95.4) Ref   
 Yes 39 (4.7) 1.41 (0.74, 2.68) 0.344 0.295
Heart diseases
 No 635 (75.7) Ref   
 Yes 204 (24.3) 1.21 (0.88, 1.66) 0.189 0.246
Hypertension
 No 104 (12.4) Ref   
 Yes 735 (87.6) 2.13 (1.34, 3.38) 0.755 0.001
Type 2 diabetes
 No 583 (69.5) Ref   
 Yes 256 (30.5) 1.23 (0.91, 1.66) 0.207 0.172
Current antilipidaemic medication
 No 750 (89.4) Ref   
 Yes 89 (10.6) 1.49 (0.96, 2.32) 0.400 0.075
High HCY
 No 708 (84.4) Ref   
 Yes 131 (15.6) 2.40 (1.64, 3.51) 0.875 < 0.001
  1. Continuous data are shown as the mean ± standard deviation or median (interquartile), and categorical data are shown as n (%)
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, β regression coefficient, Ref reference