Skip to main content

Table 1 General characteristics of the study population according to serum LDL concentration

From: A minor allele of the haplotype located in the 19q13 loci is associated with a decreased risk of hyper-LDL-cholesterolemia, and a balanced diet and high protein intake can reduce the risk

  Men (n = 10,086) Women (n = 18,086)
Low-LDL1
(n = 9073)
High-LDL2
(n = 1013)
Low-LDL1
(n = 15,336)
High-LDL2
(n = 2750)
Age (years)3 54.9 ± 8.4 55.8 ± 8.1** 52.5 ± 7.7 56.0 ± 6.7***
Body mass index (kg/m2)3 24.3 ± 2.7 25.0 ± 2.6*** 23.6 ± 2.9 24.1 ± 2.9***
Waist circumference (cm)3 85.4 ± 7.5 87.3 ± 7.1*** 78.0 ± 8.2 79.3 ± 7.8***
Hip circumference (cm)3 96.0 ± 5.5 96.0 ± 5.5 93.6 ± 5.6 93.1 ± 5.6***
Serum total cholesterol (mg/dL)3 187 ± 29.8 231 ± 44*** 192 ± 25 240 ± 40***
Serum HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)3 48.8 ± 11.7 49.4 ± 10.8 54.9 ± 13 55.5 ± 39*
Serum LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)3 108 ± 27 152 ± 44*** 114 ± 24 161 ± 12***
Ratio of LDL and HDL3 2.19 ± 0.76 3.02 ± 1.14*** 2.34 ± 0.67 3.20 ± 0.98***
Serum TG (mg/dL)3 148 ± 104 153 ± 95 113 ± 74 121 ± 65***
Plasma glucose (mg/dL)3 98.5 ± 22.2 100 ± 24* 91.7 ± 21.5 94.2 ± 20.5***
Cardiovascular disease4 (number, %) 523 (5.76) 67 (6.61) 443 (2.89) 93 (3.38)*
Myocardial infarction (%) 370 (4.01) 45 (4.44) 319 (2.08) 66 (2.40)
Stroke (%) 153 (1.68) 20 (1.97) 124 (0.81) 27 (0.98)
  1. The values represent means ± standard deviations or number of the subjects (percentage of each group). 1 Low serum LDL cholesterol concentrations < 160 mg/dl; 2 High serum LDL cholesterol concentrations ≥160 mg/dl and/or taking lipid-lowering medicine;
  2. Significantly different from Low-LDL group in men and women at *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001