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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients and controls

From: Association between carotid intima media thickness and small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in acute ischaemic stroke

Clinical variables AIS patients (n = 368) Controls (n = 165) P value
Age (years)* 63.58 ± 11.71 63.02 ± 11.84 0.273
Male/Female sex 216 (58.70)/152 (41.30) 96 (58.18)/69 (41.81) 0.987
BMI (kg/m2)* 23.55 ± 2.80 23.58 ± 2.64 0.213
NIHSS 6.28 (0–33) / /
mRS 1.06 (0–5) / /
IMT (mm)* 1.09 ± 0.10 1.06 ± 0.10 0.007
Carotid plaques 303 (82.34) 117 (70.91) 0.004
Hypertension 266 (72.28) 98 (59.39) 0.004
Diabetes 97 (26.36) 33 (20.00) 0.141
Smoker 109 (29.62) 47 (28.48) 0.870
Drinker 95 (25.82) 40 (24.24) 0.781
Glucose (mmol/L)* 6.71 ± 2.27 6.06 ± 1.68 <  0.0001
TC (mmol/L)* 3.85 ± 0.91 3.71 ± 0.86 0.102
TG (mmol/L)* 1.42 ± 1.08 1.28 ± 0.69 0.021
LDL-C (mmol/L)* 2.18 ± 0.65 2.16 ± 24 0.328
sdLDL-C (mg/dl)* 24.44 ± 20.40 13.17 ± 6.01 <  0.0001
HDL-C (mg/dl)* 41.91 ± 12.70 42.83 ± 11.01 0.163
Non-HDL-C (mmol/L)* 24.32 ± 20.28 23.19 ± 10.20 0.248
Statin therapy 15 (4.10) 10 (6.06) 0.435
  1. Continuous variables are shown as the mean ± standard deviation (SD) marked with an asterisk (*). Categorical variables are shown as numbers combined with percentage (%).NIHSS and mRS are presented as the mean (minimal and maximal values). BMI body mass index, NIHSS National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, mRS modified Rankin Scale, IMT intima-media thickness, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, sdLDL-C small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol