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Table 2 Clinical features of all participants in the normal and increased IMT groups

From: Association between carotid intima media thickness and small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in acute ischaemic stroke

Variable Normal (IMT ≤ 1.0 mm)
(n = 146)
Thickened (IMT > 1.0 mm)
(n = 222)
P value
Age (years)* 64.56 ± 11.33 62.93 ± 11.93 0.115
Male/Female sex 91 (62.33)/55 (37.67) 125 (56.31)/97 (43.69) 0.298
BMI (kg/m2)* 23.48 ± 2.76 23.59 ± 2.84 0.202
IMT (mm)* 0.98 ± 0.05 1.17 ± 0.09 <  0.0001
Carotid plaques 119 (81.51) 184 (82.29) 0.840
Hypertension 101 (69.18) 165 (74.34) 0.337
Diabetes 41 (28.08) 56 (25.23) 0.626
Smoker 42 (28.77) 67 (30.18) 0.862
Drinker 34 (23.29) 61 (27.48) 0.437
Glucose (mmol/L)* 6.78 ± 2.62 6.67 ± 2.01 0.105
TC (mmol/L)* 3.76 ± 0.88 3.90 ± 0.93 0.066
TG (mmol/L)* 1.51 ± 1.44 1.36 ± 0.76 0.367
LDL-C (mmol/L)* 2.16 ± 0.65 2.20 ± 0.65 0.187
sdLDL-C (mg/dl)* 21.97 ± 20.29 26.07 ± 20.37 0.008
HDL-C (mg/dl)* 41.76 ± 12.02 42.01 ± 13.15 0.377
Non-HDL-C (mmol/L)* 24.52 ± 27.36 24.19 ± 13.86 0.130
Statin therapy 6 (4.11%) 9 (4.05%) 0.808
  1. Continuous variables are shown as the mean ± standard deviation marked with an asterisk (*). Categorical variables are shown as numbers combined with percentage (%)
  2. Chi-square test for discrete values and Mann-Whitney U test for continuous values