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Table 3 Characteristics of participants in the carotid plaque-free group and plaque group

From: Association between carotid intima media thickness and small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in acute ischaemic stroke

Variable No Plaque
(n = 65)
Stable Plaque
(n = 199)
Unstable Plaque
(n = 104)
P value
Age (years)* 59.86 ± 13.14 65.23 ± 9.86 62.75 ± 13.41 0.009
Male/Female sex 42 (64.62)/23 (35.38) 123 (61.81)/76 (38.19) 51 (49.04)/53 (50.96) 0.057
BMI (kg/m2)* 23.78 ± 3.20 23.47 ± 2.71 23.54 ± 2.74 0.741
IMT (mm)* 1.07 ± 0.10 1.06 ± 0.09 1.18 ± 0.10 <  0.0001
Hypertension 48 (73.84) 142 (71.36) 76 (73.08) 0.906
Diabetes 14 (24.54) 55 (27.64) 28 (26.92) 0.617
Smoker 20 (30.77) 64 (32.16) 25 (24.04) 0.331
Drinker 13 (20.00) 56 (28.14) 26 (25.00) 0.417
Glucose (mmol/L)* 6.54 ± 2.08 6.73 ± 2.48 6.79 ± 1.97 0.210
TC (mmol/L)* 3.49 ± 0.71 3.82 ± 0.92 4.12 ± 0.93 <  0.0001
TG (mmol/L)* 1.35 ± 0.76 1.44 ± 1.33 1.43 ± 0.65 0.050
LDL-C (mmol/L)* 1.89 ± 0.48 2.19 ± 0.63 2.44 ± 0.70 <  0.0001
sdLDL-C (mg/dl)* 14.78 ± 10.64 21.30 ± 18.15 36.50 ± 23.56 < 0.0001
HDL-C (mg/dl)* 40.52 ± 12.95 43.16 ± 13.07 40.39 ± 11.63 0.234
Non-HDL-C (mmol/L)* 28.07 ± 37.70 23.37 ± 15.18 23.79 ± 11.36 0.338
Statin therapy 1 (1.54) 12 (6.03) 2 (1.92) 0.120
  1. Continuous variables are shown as the mean ± standard deviation (SD) marked with an asterisk (*). Categorical variables are shown as numbers combined with percentage (%)
  2. Chi-square test for discrete values and Kruskal-Wallis H test for continuous values