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Table 1 Blood lipid levels of adult COVID-19 patients and control

From: Low high-density lipoprotein level is correlated with the severity of COVID-19 patients: an observational study

  Normal range Control
(n = 1140)
All patients
(n = 228)
P value
Age, median (IQR), y   45.5 (36.0–60.8) 45.5 (36.0–60.8) 1.000
Sex (male/female)   575/565 115/113 1.000
Total cholesterol, median (IQR), mmol/L 2.33–5.69 4.65 (3.92, 5.49) 3.76 (3.22, 4.26) 0.031
Triglyceride, median (IQR), mmol/L 0.25–1.71 1.21 (0.93, 1.36) 1.08 (0.78, 1.44) <  0.001
HDL-C, median (IQR), mmol/L 0.90–1.94 1.37 (1.22, 1.51) 0.78 (0.66, 0.97) <  0.001
LDL-C, median (IQR), mmol/L 0.60–4.14 2.83 (2.27, 3.39) 2.63 (2.21, 3.09) < 0.001
  1. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant (marked in bold)
  2. COVID-19 Coronavirus disease 2019; HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; IQR Inter-quartile range