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Table 2 Dietary characteristics of participants during the study a

From: Effect of intermittent versus continuous calorie restriction on body weight and cardiometabolic risk markers in subjects with overweight or obesity and mild-to-moderate hypertriglyceridemia: a randomized trial

Variable Groups P-value b
CCR (n = 44) ICR (n = 44)
Baseline Week-4 Week-8 Baseline Week-4 Week-8 Time*group Group
Energy (kcal/day) 2485.95 ± 418.25 1709.31 ± 362.79 1741.10 ± 346.66 2416.36 ± 393.54 1610.6 ± 239.8 1613.5 ± 245.8 0.72 0.10
Carbohydrate (% of energy) 49.71 ± 6.78 52.79 ± 6.04 52.45 ± 7.36 51.98 ± 5.39 47.9 ± 5.1 49.7 ± 5.6 0.001 0.001
Protein (% of energy) 15.29 ± 3.22 18.02 ± 2.87 18.50 ± 5.94 15.59 ± 3.22 21.3 ± 2.3 20.8 ± 2.9 0.06 0.001
Fat (% of energy) 34.90 ± 5.82 29.10 ± 6.55 29.05 ± 4.68 32.30 ± 6.23 30.9 ± 5.7 29.4 ± 5.3 0.001 0.17
SFA (g/day) 22.36 ± 8.68 14.58 ± 3.54 13.39 ± 3.24 19.70 ± 8.24 15.0 ± 3.6 13.8 ± 3.3 0.28 0.11
MUFA (g/day) 32.15 ± 12.82 20.09 ± 7.29 20.24 ± 5.26 30.10 ± 11.71 22.6 ± 6.3 21.5 ± 6.1 0.15 0.64
PUFA (g/day) 22.49 ± 11.78 14.72 ± 8.75 14.58 ± 8.81 20.15 ± 9.71 15.0 ± 4.7 13.6 ± 4.7 0.42 0.47
Omega3 (g/day) 0.724 ± 0.55 0.855 ± 0.56 0.82 ± 0.58 0.932 ± 0.680 0.9 ± 0.4 1.28 ± 2.7 0.50 0.12
Fiber (g/day) 20.60 ± 9.59 19.50 ± 8.29 18.41 ± 8.12 19.3 ± 6.6 19.4 ± 6.6 17.8 ± 6.2 0.84 0.57
Cholesterol (g/day) 220.52 ± 147.33 204.38 ± 141.48 162.22 ± 110.21 193.63 ± 136.01 274.8 ± 118.0 273.6 ± 151.8 0.002 0.007
  1. aAll values are mean ± SD
  2. bData were analyzed by repeated-measure ANOVA with the group as a between-subjects factor
  3. CCR Continous calorie restriction diet, ICR Intermittent calorie restriction diet, SFA saturated fatty acid, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acid, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acid