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Table 1 Basic characteristics of participants

From: Association between lipoprotein cholesterol and future cardiovascular disease and mortality in older adults: a Korean nationwide longitudinal study

  Total Men Women P-value**
  N = 62604 (%) N = 32584 (%) N = 30020 (%)  
BMI (kg/m2) 24.1 ± 3.0 23.9 ± 2.8 24.4 ± 3.1  
 <23 22395 (35.8) 12090 (37.1) 10305 (34.3) < 0.001
 23–25 17576 (28.1) 9543 (29.3) 8033 (26.8)  
 ≥25 22633 (36.2) 10957 (33.6) 11682 (38.9)  
Cigarette smoking
 Non-smoker 42630 (68.1) 13161 (40,4) 29469 (98.2) < 0.001
 Ex-smoker 12510 (20.0) 12331 (37.9) 179 (0.6)  
 Current smoker 7439 (11.9) 7072 (21.7) 367 (1.2)  
LDL-C (mg/dL) 117.8 ± 35.3 112.0 ± 33.5 124.1 ± 36.1  
 1st quartile 73.2 ± 15.1 72.4 ± 15.6 74.5 ± 14.1 < 0.001
 2nd quartile 103.5 ± 6.5 103.3 ± 6.6 103.7 ± 6.5  
 3rd quartile 125.6 ± 6.9 125.6 ± 6.9 126.3 ± 6.8  
 4th quartile 161.6 ± 25.0 159.3 ± 21.9 163.2 ± 26.8  
HDL-C (mg/dL) 53.9 ± 19.9 52.3 ± 18.9 55.7 ± 20.8  
 1st quartile 38.7 ± 4.5 38.4 ± 4.6 39.1 ± 4.3 < 0.001
 2nd quartile 48.5 ± 2.3 48.4 ± 2.3 48.6 ± 2.3  
 3rd quartile 56.7 ± 2.6 56.6 ± 2.6 56.8 ± 2.6  
 4th quartile 73.8 ± 30.2 73.7 ± 29.8 73.9 ± 30.5  
Hypertension 29755 (59.2) 15568 (59.6) 14187 (58.7) 0.049
Diabetes mellitus 11205 (17.9) 6665 (20.5) 4540 (15.1) < 0.001
  1. *Abbreviation: BMI Body mass index, LDL-C Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. **P-value is for comparison between men and women