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Table 4 Comparison of serum lipid profile, HOMA-IR and SHBG between the groups at the baseline and following intervention a

From: The effects of canola and olive oils consumption compared to sunflower oil, on lipid profile and hepatic steatosis in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: a randomized controlled trial

Variableb Sunflower (n = 24) canola (n = 24) Olive (n = 24) P* P- adjusted**
TG (mg/dL) Baseline 140.08 (81.04) 140.38 (42.22) 121.78 (64.93) 0.37 0.66
10th wk. 143.37 (64.46) 134.33 (33.09) 122.61 (59.66) 0.03 0.04
Changes 3.29 −6.08 0.82 0.004 0.002
P*** 0.112 0.012 0.522   
TC (mg/dL) Baseline 177.29 (38.31) 188.50 (34.23) 180.21 (31.89) 0.136 0.265
10th wk. 178.20 (39.45) 175.46 (35.98) 177.79 (29.27) 0.35 0.412
Changes 0.91 −13.04 −2.41 0.876 0.91
P*** 0.83 0.076 0.778   
LDL (mg/dL) Baseline 109.21 (32.59) 121.71 (29.45) 116.35 (27.56) 0.32 0.47
10th wk. 114.46 (32.24) 109.63 (31.54) 111.48 (23.63) 0.512 0.563
Changes 5.25 −12.08 −4.87 0.276 0.36
P*** 0.203 0.055 0.387   
HDL (mg/dL) Baseline 40.83 (6.96) 40.68 (9.35) 39.82 (9.18) 0.22 0.26
10th wk. 40.29 (7.70) 41.27 (9.09) 39.39 (9.45) 0.49 0.52
Changes −0.54 1.37 −0.75 0.353 0.391
P*** 0.168 0.425 0.38   
Non-HDL (mg/dL) Baseline 136.46 (42.24) 148.29 (31.09) 140.26 (33.65) 0.64 0.94
10th wk. 137.92 (43.05) 133.88 (33.42) 135.70 (29.82) 0.32 0.46
Changes 1.45 −14.41 −4.56 0.144 0.239
P*** 0. 735 0.014 0. 99   
TC/HDL Baseline 4.59 (1.82) 4.85 (0.97) 4.59 (1.29) 0.07 0.16
10th wk 4.74 (2.18) 4.34 (1.03) 4.53 (1.19) < 0.001 < 0.001
Changes 0.15 −0.51 −0.06 0.021 0.04
P*** 0.397 0.007 0.765   
LDL/HDL Baseline 2.72 (1.13) 3.13 (0.82) 2.94 (0.93) 0.89 0.89
10th wk 2.83 (1.08) 2.70 (0.85) 2.89 (0.88) 0.05 0.007
Changes 0.11 −0.43 −0.05 0.047 0.049
P*** 0.116 0. 040 0. 696   
TG/HDL Baseline 3.84 (3.29) 3.75 (1.66) 3.27 (2.38) 0.343 0.176
10th wk 3.99 (3.00) 2.97 (1.27) 3.33 (2.25) 0.350 0.06
Changes 0.15 −0.78 0.06 0.001 0.001
P*** 0.06 0. 006 .526   
HOMA-IR Baseline 3.01 (1.92) 2.71 (1.58) 2.30 (0.86) 0.351 0.345
10th wk 3.46 (2.35) 1.90 (1.33) 1.73 (0.95) 0.001 0.001
Changes 0.45 −0.81 −0.57 < 0.001 0.002
P*** 0.201 < 0.001 0.004   
SHBG (nmol/L) Baseline 50.96 (34.84) 32.47 (14.11) 44.06 (35.69) 0.112 0.030
10th wk 42.50 (22.49) 38.07 (22.9) 45.62 (37.57) 0.703 0.503
Changes −8.46 5.6 1.56 0.410 0.139
P*** 0.124 0.161 0.836   
  1. a HDL high-density lipoproteins, LDL low-density lipoproteins, TG triglyceride, TC Total cholesterol, HOMA-IR Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance, SHBG Sex hormone-binding globulin. b Data are presented as mean (SD) or geometric mean (SD). * Calculated using one-way ANOVA. ** Calculated using ANCOVA, adjusted for the effect of energy, carbohydrate, protein, weight and baselines. *** Calculated using paired sample t-test
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