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Table 1 Baseline characteristics (n = 4311)

From: Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia among diabetes mellitus patients and predictors of optimal dyslipidemia control: results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Characteristics Total subjects % (SE) or mean ± SD
Socio-demographic factors
 Sex
  Male 49.0 (0.9)
  Female 51.0 (0.9)
 Age (years) 56.4 ± 15.8
  19–39 15.5 (0.8)
  40–49 15.8 (0.8)
  50–59 23.8 (0.8)
  60–69 21.1 (0.7)
  70–79 17.0 (0.6)
  ≥ 80 7.0 (0.4)
 Marital status
  Married 69.9 (1.0)
  Single/divorced/seperated/widowed 30.1 (1.0)
 Educational status
  Middle school or lower 40.5 (1.0)
  High school 29.3 (0.9)
  College or higher 30.3% (1.0)
 Employment status
  Yes 55.7 (0.9)
  No 44.3 (0.9)
 Family Income
  Low 27.6 (0.9)
  Lower middle 25.9 (0.9)
  Upper middle 23.5 (0.8)
  High 23.0 (0.9)
 Residential area
  Urban 60.3 (1.2)
  Rural 39.7 (1.2)
 Medical insurance
  Medicare 92.7 (0.6)
  Medical aid 7.3 (0.6)
Health-related factors
 BMI (kg/m2)
  8.5 2.4 (0.3)
  18.5–22.9 29.5 (0.8)
  23–24.9 22.2 (0.7)
  ≥ 25 46.0 (0.9)
 FBS (mg/dL)
  < 130 31.3 (0.8)
  130–179 29.9 (0.9)
  ≥ 180 38.8 (1.0)
 HbA1c (%)
  < 6.5 20.1 (0.8)
  6.5–6.9 19.0 (0.7)
  7.0–7.4 11.1 (0.6)
  7.5–7.9 5.6 (0.4)
  ≥ 8.0 44.2 (1.0)
 LDL-C (mg/dL)
  < 100 32.4 (0.9)
  100–129 19.8 (0.7)
  130–159 12.7 (0.6)
  ≥ 160 35.1 (1.0)
 Blood pressure (mmHg)
  < 120/80 38.7 (1.0)
  120/80–139/89 41.6 (0.9)
  ≥ 140/90 19.7 (0.8)
 Self-rated health
  Very poor/poor 28.0 (0.8)
  Fair 51.8 (0.9)
  Good/Excellent 20.3 (0.7)
 Hypertension
  Yes 50.6 (0.9)
  No 49.4 (0.9)
 Dyslipidemia
  Yes 83.3 (0.7)
  No 16.7 (0.7)
 Family history of CVD
  Yes 17.9 (0.7)
  No 82.1 (0.7)
Health behavior factors
 Smoking status
  Never/past smoker 79.0 (0.8)
  Current smoker 21.0 (0.8)
 Drinking status
  Non-risky drinking 85.9 (0.7)
  Risky drinking 14.1 (0.7)
 Physical activity
  Sufficient 42.1 (0.9)
  Insufficient 57.9 (0.9)
 Health check-up within 2 years
  Yes 64.8 (0.9)
  No 35.2 (0.9)
  1. All data were weighted to the Korean standard population
  2. Abbreviations: SE Standard error, SD Standard deviation, BMI Body mass index, FBS Fasting blood sugar; HbA1c Glycated hemoglobin, LDL-C Low density lipoprotein cholesterol, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood