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Table 3 Factors associated with optimal control (LDL-C < 100 mg/dL) of dyslipidemia among patients with diabetes mellitus (n = 3565)

From: Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia among diabetes mellitus patients and predictors of optimal dyslipidemia control: results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Factors Univariate logistic regression analysis Multivariate logistic regression analysis
Crude OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted ORa(95% CI) P value
Socio-demographic factors
 Age
  < 40 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
  40–49 6.79 (2.64–17.49) 0.000 3.73 (1.43–9.72) 0.007
  50–59 12.71 (5.13–31.47) 0.000 6.25 (2.50–15.65) 0.000
  60–69 14.84 (6.03–36.54) 0.000 6.96 (2.77–17.44) 0.000
  70–79 18.06 (7.29–44.75) 0.000 9.21 (3.58–23.74) 0.000
  ≥ 80 6.09 (2.33–15.95) 0.000 4.43 (1.60–12.27) 0.004
 Female 0.98 (0.81–1.19) 0.873   
 Married 1.49 (1.20–1.86) 0.000 1.22 (0.95–1.57) 0.114
 Employed 0.98 (0.81–1.19) 0.850   
 Higher education 0.72 (0.64–0.81) 0.000 1.04 (0.90–1.20) 0.588
 Family income 0.98 (0.91–1.06) 0.667   
 Urban living 1.53 (1.24–1.88) 0.000 1.44 (1.15–1.80) 0.002
 Medicare 1.27 (0.88–1.85) 0.202   
Health-related factors
 Higher BMI (kg/m2) 1.38 (1.25–1.52) 0.000 1.27 (1.13–1.42) 0.000
 Higher HbA1c (%) 0.65 (0.62–0.69) 0.000 0.71 (0.67–0.76) 0.000
 Higher blood pressure (mmHg) 0.95 (0.84–1.08) 0.418   
 Hypertension 2.52 (2.07–3.06) 0.000 1.53 (1.22–1.92) 0.000
 Positive family history of CVD 1.29 (1.02–1.64) 0.031 1.01 (0.79–1.30) 0.940
 Better self-rated health 0.67 (0.59–0.77) 0.000 0.72 (0.62–0.84) 0.000
Health behavior factors
 Current smoker 0.70 (0.53–0.91) 0.008 0.79 (0.59–1.06) 0.118
 Risky drinking 0.85 (0.61–1.19) 0.335   
 Sufficient physical activity 0.93 (0.76–1.14) 0.482   
 Health check-up within 2 years 2.03 (1.63–2.52) 0.000 1.58 (1.25–2.00) 0.000
  1. All data were weighted to the Korean standard population
  2. aAdjusted for age, marital status, educational status, residential area, body mass index, HbA1c, prevalence of hypertension, family history of CVD, level of self-related health, smoking status, and health check-up within 2 years
  3. Abbreviations: LDL-C Low density lipoprotein cholesterol, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval; HbA1c Glycated hemoglobin, CVD Cardiovascular disease