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Table 4 Plasma inflammatory cytokines before and 4-h after the consumption of control, lettuce or watercress meals in healthy subjects

From: The acute effect of incorporating lettuce or watercress into a moderately high-fat meal on postprandial lipid, glycemic response, and plasma inflammatory cytokines in healthy young men: a randomized crossover trial

  Control Lettuce Watercress P values
     Meal Time Meal*Time
IL-6 (pg/mL)
 0 h 52.04 ± 10.42 53.55 ± 8.31 62.11 ± 12.45 0.97 0.64 0.10
 4 h 58.03 ± 8.64 54.04 ± 8.45 48.41 ± 8.77    
TNF-α (pg/mL)
 0 h 24.57 ± 5.35 25.57 ± 5.58 18.84 ± 3.73 0.17 0.17 0.88
 4 h 18.13 ± 3.45 21.92 ± 4.68 14.13 ± 2.28    
  1. Values are means ± standard errors. Data were analyzed by repeated-measure ANOVA
  2. IL-6 Interleukin-6, TNF-α Tumor necrosis factor-α