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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants by gender and current MetS

From: Association between serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and metabolic syndrome in a working population

Characteristics Men (n = 34,827) Women (n = 25,972)
MetS
(n = 4097)
Non-MetS P-value MetS
(n = 1390)
Non-MetS P-value
(n = 30,730) (n = 24,582)
Age, (year) 46.7 ± 9.3 39.5 ± 10.3 < 0.001 48.0 ± 9.2 39.0 ± 10.0 < 0.001
Smoking, n (%)    < 0.001    0.011
 No 2369 (57.8) 19,712 (64.1)   982 (70.6) 16,559 (67.4)  
 Yes 1728 (42.2) 11,018 (35.9)   408 (29.4) 8023 (32.6)  
SBP (mmHg) 138.0 ± 16.5 123.7 ± 14.8 < 0.001 132.8 ± 17.6 113.6 ± 14.3 < 0.001
DBP (mmHg) 84.1 ± 10.9 74.9 ± 10.4 < 0.001 82.0 ± 10.9 69.8 ± 10.0 < 0.001
BF (%) 31.3 ± 5.7 24.5 ± 5.8 < 0.001 43.7 ± 7.1 33.2 ± 6.4 < 0.001
ABSI (%) 7.8 ± 0.7 7.5 ± 0.6 < 0.001 7.2 ± 0.9 7.0 ± 0.7 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 30.7 ± 4.6 26.4 ± 3.9 < 0.001 31.4 ± 6.0 24.7 ± 4.6 < 0.001
WC (cm) 100.4 ± 11.4 87.2 ± 8.2 < 0.001 89.7 ± 13.5 74.6 ± 8.9 < 0.001
WHtR 0.6 ± 0.1 0.5 ± 0.1 < 0.001 0.6 ± 0.1 0.5 ± 0.1 < 0.001
TC (mg/dL) 222.4 ± 41.7 193.5 ± 37.0 < 0.001 222.0 ± 40.2 191.3 ± 35.5 < 0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL) 43.1 ± 8.4 51.5 ± 6.9 < 0.001 47.1 ± 8.0 55.4 ± 9.0 < 0.001
LDL-C (mg/dL) 130.6 ± 43.7 120.6 ± 36.2 < 0.001 141.3 ± 39.6 119.3 ± 36.4 < 0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 257.6 ± 145.9 107.7 ± 58.7 < 0.001 170.0 ± 92.0 83.2 ± 36.7 < 0.001
FBG (mg/dL) 107.4 ± 35.4 88.4 ± 17.3 < 0.001 104.2 ± 29.1 84.1 ± 13.1 < 0.001
  1. MetS metabolic syndrome, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, BF body fat, ABSI a body shape index, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHtR waist-to-height ratio, TC total cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, FBG fasting blood glucose