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Table 1 Characteristics of the study subjects with and without NAFLD

From: The usefulness of obesity and lipid-related indices to predict the presence of Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

  Female Male
  Non-NAFLD NAFLD P-value Non-NAFLD NAFLD P-value
No of subjects 6362 478   5382 2029  
Age, years 42.89 (8.72) 47.64 (8.29) <0.001 43.71 (9.27) 44.11 (8.20) <0.001
Weight, kg 51.86 (7.06) 63.17 (9.97) <0.001 64.65 (8.34 74.30 (10.56) <0.001
Height, cm 158.37 (5.38) 157.04 (5.28) <0.001 170.89 (6.04) 170.62 (5.94) 0.084
BMI, kg/m2 20.67 (2.57) 25.58 (3.57) <0.001 22.12 (2.42) 25.48 (3.02) <0.001
WC, cm 70.80 (7.30) 83.27 (8.86) <0.001 77.99 (6.77) 86.62 (7.37) <0.001
WHtR 0.45 (0.05) 0.53 (0.06) <0.001 0.46 (0.04) 0.51 (0.04) <0.001
TyG index 7.68 (0.54) 8.35 (0.53) <0.001 8.14 (0.55) 8.64 (0.54) <0.001
TyG-BMI 159.09 (25.66) 213.85 (34.25) <0.001 180.37 (26.19) 220.34 (31.27) <0.001
TyG-WC 544.58 (76.07) 696.06 (91.31) <0.001 635.94 (81.00) 748.77 (84.35) <0.001
TyG-WHtR 3.44 (0.49) 4.44 (0.59) <0.001 3.72 (0.48) 4.39 (0.48 <0.001
ALT, IU/L 13.00 (11.00-17.00) 19.00 (15.00-26.00) <0.001 18.00 (14.00-23.00) 29.00 (22.00-41.00) <0.001
AST, IU/L 16.00 (13.00-19.00) 18.00 (15.00-22.00) <0.001 17.00 (14.00-21.00) 21.00 (17.00-26.00) <0.001
ALT/AST ratio 0.86 (0.71-1.00) 1.12 (0.89-1.37) <0.001 1.07 (0.87-1.31) 1.43 (1.17-1.76) <0.001
GGT, IU/L 12.00 (9.00-14.00) 15.00 (12.00-20.00) <0.001 17.00 (14.00-24.00) 24.00 (18.00-35.00) <0.001
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.66 (0.38) 1.38 (0.34) <0.001 1.35 (0.35) 1.14 (0.25) <0.001
TC, mmol/L 5.05 (0.86) 5.56 (0.92) <0.001 5.06 (0.84 5.41 (0.85 <0.001
TG, mmol/L 0.54 (0.40-0.77) 1.02 (0.73-1.38) <0.001 0.80 (0.58-1.16) 1.32 (0.91-1.86) <0.001
FPG, mmol/L 4.94 (4.72-5.22) 5.27 (5.00-5.55) <0.001 5.22 (5.00-5.50) 5.44 (5.16-5.66) <0.001
HbA1c, % 5.17 (0.32) 5.42 (0.33) <0.001 5.13 (0.31) 5.27 (0.33) <0.001
SBP, mmHg 108.42 (13.77) 120.71 (16.04) <0.001 116.04 (13.16) 124.04 (14.46) <0.001
DBP, mmHg 67.00 (9.48) 75.11 (10.22) 74.50 <0.001 72.88 (9.32) 78.44 (10.08) <0.001
TG/HDL-C 0.33 (0.22-0.50) 0.75 (0.50-1.11) <0.001 0.61 (0.40-0.98) 1.19 (0.76-1.82) <0.001
HSI 29.80 (3.58) 36.74 (4.76) <0.001 31.05 (4.16) 37.43 (5.12) <0.001
VAI 0.57 (0.39-0.88) 1.37 (0.89-2.05) <0.001 0.74 (0.47-1.21) 1.49 (0.95-2.31) <0.001
LAP 6.15 (3.27-11.14) 23.34 (15.09-36.34) <0.001 9.92 (5.29-17.72) 27.81 (17.07-42.42) <0.001
ABSI 0.07 (0.07-0.08) 0.08 (0.07-0.08) <0.001 0.08 (0.07-0.08) 0.08 (0.07-0.08) <0.001
BRI 2.33 (1.88-2.92) 3.82 (3.21-4.61) <0.001 2.56 (2.12-3.04) 3.42 (2.98-3.97) <0.001
COI 1.14 (0.07) 1.21 (0.07) <0.001 1.16 (0.06) 1.21 (0.05) <0.001
Habit of exercise    0.335    <0.001
 No 5351 (84.11%) 410 (85.77%)   4300 (79.90%) 1720 (84.77%)  
 Yes 1011 (15.89%) 68 (14.23%)   1082 (20.10%) 309 (15.23%)  
Drinking status    0.004    <0.001
 no or little 5986 (94.09%) 465 (97.28%)   3731 (69.32%) 1623 (79.99%)  
 light 376 (5.91%) 13 (2.72%)   1096 (20.36%) 273 (13.45%)  
 moderate 0 (0%) 0 (0%)   555 (10.31%) 133 (6.55%)  
Smoking status    0.664    0.067
 Non 5609 (88.16%) 427 (89.33%)   1952 (36.27%) 758 (37.36%)  
 Former 382 (6.00%) 24 (5.02%)   1538 (28.58%) 615 (30.31%)  
 Current 371 (5.83%) 27 (5.65%)   1892 (35.15%) 656 (32.33%)  
  1. Values were expressed as mean (SD) or medians (quartile interval) or n (%). Abbreviations: NAFLD: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; BMI: body mass index; WC: Waist circumference; WHtR: waist-to-height ratio; TyG index: triglyceride-glucose index; TyG-BMI: triglyceride glucose-body mass index; TyG-WC: triglyceride glucose-waist circumference; TyG-WHtR: triglyceride glucose- waist-to-height ratio; ALT: alanine aminotransferase; AST: aspartate aminotransferase; GGT: gamma-glutamyl transferase; HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC: total cholesterol; TG: triglyceride; TG/HDL-C: triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio; HbA1c: hemoglobin A1c; FPG: fasting plasma glucose; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: Diastolic blood pressure; HIS: hepatic steatosis index; VAI: visceral adiposity index; LAP: lipid accumulation product; ABSI: body-shape index; BRI: body roundness index; COI: conicity index.