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Table 2 The correlation between stages of DR and the following lipid profiles

From: High remnant cholesterol level is relevant to diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Variables Spearman Correlation Analysis Partial Correlation Analysis
r P-value r P-value
RC (mmol/L) 0.360 0.000**
TC (mmol/L) 0.142 0.002* 0.289a 0.000**
TG (mmol/L) 0.068 0.148 0.324b 0.000**
LDL-C (mmol/L) −0.016 0.736 0.332c 0.000**
HDL-C (mmol/L) 0.054 0.254 0.327d 0.000**
APOA (g/L) 0.003 0.947 0.334e 0.000**
APOB (g/L) 0.066 0.165 0.329f 0.000**
  1. Abbreviations: APOA apolipoprotein A, APOB apolipoprotein B, RC Remnant cholesterol, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, APOA apolipoprotein A, APOB apolipoprotein B
  2. Notes: associations between serum lipid profile and stages of DR by Spearman correlation analysis and the association between RC and stages of DR by partial correlation analysis aAdjusted for TC; bAdjusted for TG; cAdjusted for LDL-C; dAdjusted for HDL; eAdjusted for APOA; fAdjusted for APOB. *P < 0.05, **P < 0. 001