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Table 4 Association between low LDL cholesterol and depression before and after adjustment in Sample 3

From: Low cholesterol is not associated with depression: data from the 2005-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

  Model 1
OR (95% CI)
Model 2
OR (95% CI)
Model 3
OR (95% CI)
All sample 1.1 (0.8-1.5) 1.3 (0.9-1.7) 1.0 (0.8-1.4)
Stratified by sex
 Male 1.0 (0.6-1.6) 1.0 (0.6-1.7) 0.8 (0.5-1.4)
 Female 1.3 (0.9-1.8) 1.4 (1.0-2.0) 1.2 (0.8-1.7)
  1. Model 1 only included LDL cholesterol, and no covariate was adjusted; Model 2 adjusted for age and sex; Model 3 adjusted for sex, age, race, educational level, marital status, smoking status, alcohol status, body mass index, self-rated health, poverty income ratio, physical function; high blood pressure; stroke; coronary heart disease; and diabetes