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Table 2 Cox regression analyses for the association between LDL:HDL ratio and the incidence of prediabetes

From: Association of LDL:HDL ratio with prediabetes risk: a longitudinal observational study based on Chinese adults

  Hazard ratios (95% confidence interval)
Crude model Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
LDL:HDL ratio 1.15 (1.12, 1.17) 1.06 (1.01, 1.10) 1.09 (1.04, 1.14) 1.09 (1.04, 1.15)
LDL:HDL ratio (Quartile)
 Quartile 1 Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Quartile 2 1.50 (1.42, 1.58) 1.52 (1.42, 1.62) 1.46 (1.37, 1.55) 1.45 (1.35, 1.54)
 Quartile 3 1.69 (1.61, 1.79) 1.76 (1.64, 1.90) 1.61 (1.50, 1.74) 1.58 (1.46, 1.70)
 Quartile 4 1.62 (1.53, 1.70) 1.78 (1.61, 1.96) 1.61 (1.46, 1.78) 1.57 (1.42, 1.73)
P-trend < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
  1. Abbreviations: LDL:HDL ratio low-density lipoprotein:high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio
  2. Model 1 adjusted for FPG, TC, TG and HDL-C
  3. Model 2 adjusted for FPG, TC, TG, HDL-C, age, sex and BMI
  4. Model 3 adjusted for sex, age, BMI, SBP, DBP, FPG, TC, TG, HDL-C, ALT, BUN and Cr