Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants that underwent an oral fat tolerance test

From: Postprandial triglyceride levels rather than fat distribution may reflect early signs of disturbed fat metabolism in Iraqi immigrants

Characteristics Country of birth
Sweden (n = 16) Iraq (n = 26) Total (n = 42), p-values
Age (median, IQR)a 53.7 (64.3–39.8) 46.7 (55.5–41.9) 0.484
Body Mass Index (kg/cm2), (median, IQR)a 26.1 (27.1–24.1) 26.9 (28.0–25.3) 0.055
BMI < 25 (median, IQR)a 23.8 (24.6–22.9) n = 6 24.7 (24.8–24.1) n = 5 0.082
BMI > 25 (median, IQR)a 26.7 (27.7–26.2) n = 10 27.6 (28.2–26.6) n = 21 0.319
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)b 127.9 (17.6) 115.2 (8.1) 0.014
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)b 70.2 (10.2) 66.6 (6.0) 0.226
Waist circumference (cm)a (median, IQR) 91.0 (97.0–86.6) 95.0 (99.3–92.5) 0.153
Fasting glucose (mmol/l), (means, SD)b 5.86 (0.53) 5.72 (0.50) 0.372
HOMA-beta (median, IQR)a 55.5 (72.2–45.8) 71.7 (96.1–45.2) 0.265
HOMA-IR (median, IQR)a 1.67 (2.59–1.25) 2.14 (2.54–1.24) 0.543
Total cholesterol (mmol/L), (mean, SD)b 4.91 (0.66) 4.78 (1.09) 0.680
p-LDL (mmol/L), (mean, SD)b 3.35 (0.68) 3.54 (0.90) 0.466
p-HDL (mmol/L), (median, IQR)a 1.35 (1.50–1.23) 1.00 (1.30–0.94) 0.001
Fat % (median, IQR)a 23.8 (26.0–20.6) 24.7 (26.9–22.6) 0.224
Apo A1(g/L), (mean, SD)b 1.45 (0.20) 1.20 (0.25) 0.003
Apo B (g/L), (mean, SD)b 0.99 (0.18) 1.10 (0.27) 0.164
ApoA1/ApoB (mean, SD)b 0.70 (0.16) 1.05 (0.80) 0.088
p-Triglyceride OFTT
 Fasting p-TG (mmol/l) (median, IQR)a 0.95 (1.65–0.80) 1.55 (2.40–1.60) 0.104
 p-TG 0.5 h (median, IQR)a 1.00 (1.68–0.83) 1.70 (2.50–1.03) 0.053
 p-TG 1 h (median, IQR)a 1.25 (1.80–1.00) 2.20 (2.63–1.25) 0.027
 p-TG 2 h (median, IQR)a 2.00 (2.38–1.45) 3.10 (4.00–1.88) 0.011
 p-TG 3 h (median, IQR)a 2.10 (3.08–1.80) 3.55 (5.10–2.50) 0.011
 p-TG 4 h (median, IQR)a 1.95 (3.38–1.63) 3.55 (5.95–2.40) 0.033
 p-TG 6 h (median, IQR)a 1.50 (3.58–1.30) 3.10 (4.60–1.70) 0.049
tAUC TG mmol/Lcmin (median, IQR)a 601.6 (998.6–488.2) 1017.8 (1578.8–738) 0.036
iAUC TG mmol/Lcmin (median, IQR)a 267.0 (481.1–187.9) 495.0 (802.5–267.4) 0.011
Metabolic syndrome, % (n) c 12.2 (2) 0 0.065
Physical inactivity < 150 min/week, % (n)c 43.8 (7) 46.2 (12) 0.879
Physical activity minutes/week a 262.5 (787.5–37.5) 150.0 (540.0–26.0) 0.420
Unhealthy eating habits, % (n)c 56.3 (9) 57.7 (15) 0.927
  1. aData presented as medians (interquartile range, IQR), two tailed Mann-Whitney U-test
  2. bData presented as means (standard deviation, SD), independent sample t-test
  3. cData presented a percentage (numbers), chi-square test
  4. tAUC and iAUC adjusted for age and BMI