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Table 1 Fatty acids in lipid pools following application of control and P. nagi ME to mouse ears

From: Epidermal anti-Inflammatory properties of 5,11,14 20:3: Effects on mouse ear edema, PGE2 levels in cultured keratinocytes, and PPAR activation

FA Percentage Phospholipid Neutral lipid
  Control P. nagi Control P. nagi
16:0 14.6 8.2 13.8 13.5
16:1n-7 1.6 5.9 28.8 33.6
18:0 14.8 7.6 1.8 1.5
18:1n-9 20.0 15.5 31.8 28.8
18:2n-6 16.8 27.0 12.1 8.9
18:3n-3 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.3
20:2 5,11 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.4
20:3 5,11,14 0.2 13.6 0.1 2.2
20:2n-6 0.8 4.4 0.3 1.2
20:3n-6 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.1
20:4n-6 9.9 2.2 0.7 0.5
20:5n-3 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3
23:0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0
22:2n-6 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0
22:4n-6 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
22:5n-3 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
22:6n-3 9.3 1.0 0.6 0.5
Σ 12:0, 13:0, 14:0, 15:0 1.9 2.5 4.1 4.5
Σ 20:0, 22:0, 24:0, 26:0 4.4 9.7 2.2 0.8
Σ 20:1n-9, 22:1n-9, 24:1n-9 2.1 1.7 2.8 3.0
  1. Lipids were extracted from 4 combined ear biopsies (20 mg tissue), PL and NL separated on silica columns, methylated, and analyzed by gas chromatography. Values represent the mean of 1 pooled replicate (duplicate gas chromatographic analysis). Control ME mixture consists of safflower/sunflower/apricot (43:2:50, by vol); P. nagi refers to the ME mixture derived from a gymnosperm seed oil described in the text.