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Table 1 Basic characteristics and fatty acid distributions of the study participants, specified by metabolic syndrome status

From: Plasma fatty acids and the risk of metabolic syndrome in ethnic Chinese adults in Taiwan

  No metabolic syndrome n = 986 Metabolic syndrome, n = 1000
  Freq % Freq %  
Gender      0.67
Women 348 35.3 362 36.2  
Men 638 64.7 638 63.8  
Smoking 139 14.1 185 18.5 0.008
Drinking 575 58.3 571 57.1 0.58
Exercise 549 55.7 502 50.2 0.014
  Mean Std Dev Mean Std Dev P
Age, yr 54.4 10.8 54.9 10.7 0.32
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 122.7 14.8 133.2 14.8 < .0001
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 72.9 9.8 79.2 10.2 < .0001
Body mass index, kg/m2 22.8 2.3 27.1 3.0 < .0001
Waist, cm 79.2 6.4 94.3 7.0 < .0001
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 202.7 36.4 206.8 36.8 0.012
Triglycerides, mg/dL 115.4 74.0 178.3 104.5 < .0001
HDL cholesterol, mg/dL 43.1 9.7 38.5 7.0 < .0001
LDL cholesterol, mg/dL 116.3 31.5 124.9 32.7 < .0001
Uric acid, mg/dL 6.2 1.5 6.6 1.6 < .0001
Fasting glucose, mg/dL 93.1 22.2 105.0 28.1 < .0001
Fatty acid, mg/dL      
Saturated fat 1713.0 512.9 1982.9 682.8 < .0001
MUFA 616.3 246.5 728.9 285.9 < .0001
Trans fatty acid 267.4 106.7 322.3 158.9 < .0001
PUFA 1488.2 347.9 1542.7 361.7 0.0006
N-6 fatty acids 1297.4 313.4 1350.0 325.1 0.0003
N-3 fatty acids 190.8 60.8 192.7 58.9 0.48
Marine fatty acids 132.7 52.4 131.6 50.3 0.64
EPA 21.5 14.5 20.3 12.5 0.06
DHA 111.2 42.7 111.3 41.9 0.97
Total fat amount 40.8 10.7 45.8 13.2 < .0001
Fatty acid, % total fatty acids
Saturated fat 41.8 4.4 43.0 4.6 < .0001
MUFA 14.8 2.6 15.7 2.6 < .0001
Trans fatty acid 6.52 1.84 6.95 2.00 < .0001
PUFA 36.8 4.7 34.4 4.8 < .0001
N-6 fatty acids 32.1 4.2 30.0 4.2 < .0001
N-3 fatty acids 4.76 1.37 4.34 1.21 < .0001
Marine fatty acids 3.32 1.23 2.97 1.09 < .0001
EPA 0.54 0.37 0.46 0.28 < .0001
DHA 2.78 0.99 2.51 0.91 < .0001
  1. Abbreviations: MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acid; EPA: eicosapentaenoic acid; DHA: docosahexaenoic acid