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Table 2 Insulin resistance and prevalence of metabolic syndrome of subjects categorized by sex

From: Relationships between lipid profiles and metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and serum high molecular adiponectin in Japanese community-dwelling adults

Characteristics Men
N = 614
Women
N = 779
P-value*
Metabolic syndrome, % 14.2 8.3 0.001
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL) 94 (89-101) 91 (86-97) <0.001
Immuno-reactive insulin (mU/mL) 4.4 (2.8-7.2) 5.6 (3.8-8.0) <0.001
HOMA-IR§ 1.05 (0.64-1.81) 1.27 (0.84-1.84) <0.001
Serum HMW adiponectin (μg/mL) 3.20 (1.97-4.92) 6.65 (4.42-9.64) <0.001
  1. HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; HMW, high molecular weight. Data for fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, and serum HMW adiponectin were skewed and presented as median (interquartile range) values. §HOMA-IR was calculated using the following formula; {fasting blood glucose (FBG) (mg/dL) X fasting insulin (mU/mL)}/405. Data for fasting blood glucose, immuno-reactive insulin, HOMA-IR, and serum HMW adiponectin were log-transformed for analysis. * Student's t-test or χ2 test.