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Table 1 Descriptive analysis of the studied variables in controls and in subjects with liver steatosis

From: Increased serum levels of lipogenic enzymes in patients with severe liver steatosis

  Controls (n=21) Mild Steatosis (n=33) Moderate Steatosis (n=38) Severe Steatosis (n=23) P value⁁° ContrastsP value§
Sex      0.36  
male (%) 12 (57.2%) 6 (18.2) 9 (23.7) 8 (34.8)   
female (%) 9 (42.8%) 27 (81.8) 29 (76.3) 15 (65.2)   
Age (years) 44.2±10.5 54.9±10.7 53.1±12.3 49.8±11.5 0.37  
BMI (kg/m2) 25.2±4.1 32.1±3.3 31.6±4.8 34.7±5.4 0.02 Mild vs Severe
0.001* P= 0.03
  Moderate vs Severe P= 0.01
HOMA index 1.3±0.9 3.2±1.5 3.5±1.9 7.03±14.0 0.04 Mild vs Severe
0.001* P= 0.018
  Moderate vs Severe P= 0.07
FAS (ng/ml) 10.6±7.6 12.4±17.2 19.3±15.3 22.1±20.3 0.005 Mild vs Moderate
0.02* P= 0.007
  Mild vs Severe
  P= 0.004
  Severe vs Controls
  P= 0.005
LPL activity (pmol/min/ml) 29.4±2.6 34.1±4.8 36.6±3.0 65.1±8.3 0.001 Controls vs Severe
0.07* P= 0.003
  Mild vs Severe
  P= 0.002
  Moderate vs Severe
  P= 0.003
  1. All data expressed as percentage or M±SD; ⁁χ2-square test for categorical variable; °Kruskal-Wallis test for continuous variable; §Wilcoxon rank-sum (or Mann–Whitney) test; *Test for trend.