Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics and functions of hormones related to appetite regulation

From: Dietary whey protein lessens several risk factors for metabolic diseases: a review

Hormones Production and effects
CCK Produced: duodenum
Effect: reduces appetite
GLP-1 Produced: mainly in distal intestine (L cells)
Effect: reduces appetite
Ghrelin Produced: stomach
Effect: stimulates appetite
GIP Produced: K cells of the duodenum
Effect: reduces appetite and potentiate insulin release
Leptin Produced: mainly in adipose tissue
Effect: suppress appetite
Uroguanylin [56] Produced: intestinal epithelial cells
Effect: reduces appetite
  1. CCK: cholecystokinin, GLP-1: glucagon-like peptide 1, GIP: glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide. Adapted: Pimentel & Zemdegs, 2010 [57] and Pimentel et al. [58].