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Table 2 Effect of feeding soybean oil, low CLA and high CLA ghee diet on selected parameters

From: High conjugated linoleic acid enriched ghee (clarified butter) increases the antioxidant and antiatherogenic potency in female Wistar rats

Before treatment (on Day 0) Experimental trials (on day 35)
  Feed Soybean oil Low CLA ghee High CLA ghee
Average feed intake (gram/day/animal) 6.67b ± 0.08 11.02a ± 0.13 11.22a ± 0.19 10.92a ± 0.12
Aveage body weight of rats (g) 33.33b ± 1.47 97.43a ± 2.13 99.57a ± 2.10 98.00a ± 2.47
Blood (RBC lysate)
CAT (U/mg Hb) 57.67d ± 1.07 64.5c ± 1.63 76.83b ± 1.57 85.50a ± 1.72
SOD (U/mg Hb) 3045.50d ± 55.30 3301.67c ± 106.70 3738.33b ± 57.01 4317.50a ± 54.32
Plasma nitric oxide (mmol/ml) 3.85b ± 0.15 8.33a ± 0.24 8.28a ± 0.29 7.92a ± 0.12
Hemoglobin (mg/dL) 11.12a ± 0.40 11.04a ± 0.50 12.34a ± 0.42 12.45a ± 0.38
Liver Enzymes
CAT (U/mg protein) 156.33d ± 2.83 187.87c ± 8.27 215.36b ± 7.49 238.01a ± 6.85
SOD (U/mg protein) 2.85d ± 0.09 4.07 c ± 0.38 7.98b ± 0.36 9.38a ± 0.38
GST (U/mg protein) 0.180d ± 0.02 0.279c ± 0.01 0.531b ± 0.01 0.749a ± 0.02
Protein (mg/g tissue) 62.00b ± 1.08 69.71a ± 1.12 69.29a ± 1.45 70.14a ± 0.98
Lipid peroxides (TBARS) (nmol/g tissue) 12.24d ± 0.48 26.23a ± 0.44 20.54b ± 0.50 18.71c ± 0.53
  1. Values are Mean ± SE for n = 8.
  2. Values in rows with different superscript are significantly different (P < 0.05).