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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of study population

From: First-line treatment patterns and lipid target levels attainment in very high cardiovascular risk outpatients

  Overall N = 712 LDL-C goal attainment N = 71 No LDL-C goal attainment N = 641 p-value
Age (years) 61.4 ± 10.4 63.2 ± 11.3 61.2 ± 10.3 0.1
Male gender 484 (68.0) 55 (77.5) 429 (66.9) 0.08
Cardiovascular risk factors    
Prior CAD 461 (64.7) 53 (74.6) 408 (63.7) 0.07
Cerebrovascular disease 64 (9.0) 1 (1.4) 63 (9.8) 0.01
Abdominal aortic aneurysm 24 (3.4) 8 (11.3) 55 (8.6) 0.5
Peripheral arterial disease 63 (8.8) 8 (11.3) 55 (8.6) 0.5
Hypertension 458 (64.3) 44 (62.0) 414 (64.6) 0.7
Smoking 385 (54.1) 29 (40.8) 356 (55.5) 0.02
Diabetes mellitus 306 (43.0) 27 (38.0) 279 (43.5) 0.4
Family history of CAD 164 (23.0) 13 (18.3) 151 (23.6) 0.4
Lipid levels at baseline    
TC (mg/dl) 248.5 ± 37.3 232.7 ± 36.9 250.3 ± 36.9 <0.001
LDL-C (mg/dl) 167.0 ± 35.6 150.1 ± 34.5 168.8 ± 35.3 <0.001
HDL-C (mg/dl) 45.7 ± 11.3 46.6 ± 10.1 45.6 ± 11.4 0.5
TG (mg/dl) 165.2 ± 68.4 170.7 ± 79.8 164.6 ± 67.0 0.5
Non HDL-C (mg/dl) 202.9 ± 37.7 186.1 ± 37.7 204.7 ± 37.3 <0.001
  1. Data are expressed as means ± SD or n (%). CAD = coronary artery disease, TC = total cholesterol, LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, TG = triglycerides.