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Table 3 Effect of different diets on parameters of metabolic syndrome at 8 weeks

From: Fiber-free white flour with fructose offers a better model of metabolic syndrome

Parameters of metabolic syndrome Whole wheat flour diet Refined wheat flour diet Fructose and whole wheat flour diet Fructose and refined wheat flour diet
BP (mmHg) 133 ± 4.63a 134 ± 4.72a 149 ± 6.98ab 162 ± 5.4b
FBS (mg/dl) 111 ± 5.37a 101 ± 9.0a 149 ± 7.29b 159 ± 11.24b
Chol (mg/dl) 67 ± 2.22a 51 ± 7.24a 68 ± 4.64a 68 ± 2.74a
TGL (mg/dl) 46 ± 4.32ab 47 ± 3.15a 64 ± 11.7ab 65 ± 2.27b
LDL (mg/dl) 13 ± 1.60a 20 ± 1.68b 17 ± 1.58ab 22 ± 1.62b
HDL (mg/dl) 57 ± 3.19a 24 ± 1.64ab 48 ± 4.1a 26 ± 2.85ab
CRP (mg/dl) 0.15 ± 0.01a 0.24 ± 0.03a 0.22 ± 0.02a 0.23 ± 0.02a
Insulin (ng/dl) 3.6 ± 0.54a 7.13 ± 0.76a 7.3 ± 1.45a 16.0 ± 1.86b
  1. Blood pressure (BP), Fasting blood sugar (FBS), Total cholesterol (Chol), Triglycerides (TGL), Low density lipoproteins (LDL), High density lipoproteins (HDL), C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum insulin expressed as Means ± SEM.
  2. ab Within rows, between control and treated animals, means with different superscript letters differ significantly (p < 0.05).