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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for the 38 healthy subjects participating in the 12 week intervention 1

From: Effects of butter from mountain-pasture grazing cows on risk markers of the metabolic syndrome compared with conventional Danish butter: a randomized controlled study

  Grazing ( n=20) Conventional ( n=18)
Women, (n, %) 13, 65% 10, 55.6%
Age, (y) 61.9 ± 4.9 (52–69) 60.7 ± 5.9 (50–69)
Height, (cm) 170.5 ± 8.4 (158–187) 173.2 ± 7.5 (159.8-188)
Weight, (kg) 73.6 ± 8.4 (56.3-93) 79.9 ± 15.5 (61.35-122.6)
BMI, (kg/m2) 25.4 ± 2.7 (20.81- 30.55) 26.5 ± 3.6 (21.22-34.69)
Total cholesterol, (mmol/L) 5.8 ± 1.15 (3.95-7.53) 5.5 ± 0.86 (3.98-7)
LDL cholesterol, (mmol/L) 3.3 ± 0.83 (1.46-4.53) 3.3 ± 0.59 (2.45-4.21)
HDL cholesterol, (mmol/L) 1.5 ± 0.29 (1.02-2.06) 1.3 ± 0.31 (0.75-1.73)
Triacylglycerol, (mmol/L) 1.2 ± 0.46 (0.76-2.62) 1.3 ±0.59 (0.73-2.74)
hsCRP, (mg/L) 1.2 ± 1.46 (0.05-5.42) 1.0 ± 0.93 (0.05-3.11)
Insulin, (pmol/L) 30.6 ± 20.05 (7.2-90.75) 41.4 ± 35.04 (7.2-127)
C-peptide, (pmol/L) 566.2 ± 224.03 (349.5-1065.5) 611.8 ± 287.82 (298–1299.5)
Glucose, (mmol/L) 5.6 ± 0.51 (5.02-7.14) 5.7 ± 0.47 (5.14-6.57)
Phytanic acid, (μM) 3.0 ± 0.69 (1.98-4.76) 3.0 ± 0.61 (2.3-4.28)
  1. 1 Values are mean ± SD; range in parentheses. hsCPR high sensitive C-reactive protein, Grazing milk from grazing cows, Conventional milk from conventionally fed cows.