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Table 4 Change of blood parameter

From: Compared with the intake of commercial vegetable juice, the intake of fresh fruit and komatsuna (Brassica rapa L. var. perviridis) juice mixture reduces serum cholesterol in middle-aged men: a randomized controlled pilot study

  Control group (n = 8)   Intervention group (n = 8)  
Baseline After 4 weeks   Baseline After 4 weeks  
Mean ± S.D. Mean ± S.D. p Mean ± S.D. Mean ± S.D. p
Glucose (mg/dL) 95 ± 6 96 ± 6 0.359 100 ± 7 96 ± 10 0.106
Hemoglobin A1c (%) 5.3 ± 0.3 5.3 ± 0.3 0.589 5.7 ± 0.8 5.6 ± 0.4 0.526
Triacylglycerol (mg/dL) 121 ± 82 160 ± 118 0.080 122 ± 47 121 ± 49 1.000
Free fatty acid (μEq/L) 586 ± 526 451 ± 132 0.779 497 ± 184 379 ± 54 0.069
T-Chol (mg/dL) 210 ± 38 210 ± 33 0.833 220 ± 28 211 ± 27 0.017*
HDL-Chol (mg/dL) 50 ± 12 51 ± 15 0.570 53 ± 15 53 ± 13 0.799
LDL-Chol (mg/dL) 136 ± 36 127 ± 23 0.262 143 ± 27 134 ± 23 0.017*
Insulin (μIU/mL) 8.72 ± 11.40 10.80 ± 14.77 0.161 7.39 ± 8.42 9.42 ± 13.03 0.327
Vitamin C (μg/mL) 2.38 ± 1.14 1.82 ± 0.83 0.441 1.76 ± 0.49 1.80 ± 0.44 0.726
Leptin (pg/mL) 236 ± 301 214 ± 255 0.401 129 ± 99 161 ± 185 1.000
Adiponectin (μg/mL) 13.2 ± 13.8 13.3 ± 13.9 1.000 8.2 ± 5.9 8.3 ± 5.7 0.866
HOMA-IR 2.10 ± 2.83 2.69 ± 3.87 0.655 1.92 ± 2.38 2.44 ± 3.71 0.144
Arteriosclerotic Index 3.49 ± 1.58 3.55 ± 1.87 0.779 3.48 ± 1.59 3.16 ± 1.05 0.327
  1. Data shows mean ± S.D.
  2. Abbreviation: T-Chol Total cholesterol, HDL-Chol High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-Chol Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HOMA-IR Homeostasis model of assessment of insulin resistance.
  3. Baseline vs After 4 weeks, Wilcoxon signed rank test, *p < 0.05.