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Table 4 Summary results for each intervention group – tolerability

From: Favourable effects of consuming a Palaeolithic-type diet on characteristics of the metabolic syndrome: a randomized controlled pilot-study

Variable   Palaeolithic (n 18) Reference (n 16) P a  Differenceb P c
   Mean SD Mean SD    
Haematology         
Hb (g/l)        −1.6 (−6.4;3.2) 0.59
  Baseline 145.0 11.3 141.8 8.1 0.44   
  2 weeks 145.0 11.3 143.4 9.7    
Ht (l/l)        0.00 (−0.01;0.01) 0.93
  Baseline 0.43 0.03 0.42 0.03 0.40   
  2 weeks 0.44 0.03 0.42 0.03    
RBC (x10E12/l)       −0.0 (−0.2;0.1) 0.58
  Baseline 4.8 0.3 4.8 0.3 0.28   
  2 weeks 4.8 0.3 4.7 0.4    
WBC (x10E9/l)       −1.0 (−1.7;-0.2) 0.02
  Baseline 7.2 1.9 7.1 1.7 0.88   
  2 weeks 6.3 1.2 7.0 1.8    
Platelets (x10E9/l)        −15.5 (−35.7;4.7) 0.13
  Baseline 253.6 44.4 255.1 70.5 094   
  2 weeks 240.2 51.5 262.5 72.8    
Liver and kidney function       
ASAT (U/l)       0.9 (−3.1;4.9) 0.63
  Baseline 27.6 7.0 26.3 6.8 0.57   
  2 weeks 30.6 6.8 25.3 6.6    
ALAT (U/l)       1.9 (−5.5;9.2) 0.61
  Baseline 35.1 16.8 25.9 11.9 0.08   
  2 weeks 38.2 17.7 25.1 10.2    
GGT (U/l)        −9.5 (−17.7;-1.3) 0.03
  Baseline 27.3 11.1 38.9 39.3 0.24   
  2 weeks 21.9 8.1 37.6 40.1    
AP (U/l)        −4.0 (−9.4;1.5) 0.15
  Baseline 79.3 22.1 70.0 13.3 0.15   
  2 weeks 74.1 21.3 70.1 11.5    
Creatinine (μmol/l)        −3.1 (−9.8;3.6) 0.36
  Baseline 71.2 11.4 76.1 13.0 0.25   
  2 weeks 75.6 13.8 79.0 14.6    
Urea (mmol/l)        −0.0 (−0.8;0.8) 0.92
  Baseline 4.9 1.3 5.1 1.2 0.58   
  2 weeks 5.7 1.6 6.0 1.3    
Other laboratory parameters       
Urine         
Sodium (mmol/h)        −0.5 (−1.7;0.8) 0.46
  Baseline 6.3 0.2 6.7 2.9    
  2 weeks 3.8 2.7 3.4 1.0    
Potassium (mmol/h)        0.1 (−1.1;1.2) 0.91
  Baseline 3.5 1.3 4.0 1.6    
  2 weeks 3.8 1.5 3.4 1.3    
Magnesium (mmol/h)       −0.04 (−0.07;-0.01) 0.03
  Baseline 0.14 0.06 0.14 0.06    
  2 weeks 0.13 0.08 0.13 0.06    
Calcium (mmol/h)        −0.08 (−0.12;-0.04) 0.00
  Baseline 0.13 0.13 0.19 0.20    
  2 weeks 0.08 0.05 0.16 0.10    
Sodium:potassium (mmol/mol)      −0.20 (−0.62;0.22) 0.34
  Baseline 2.12 1.16 1.78 0.67 0.31   
  2 weeks 1.00 0.47 1.15 0.55    
Serum         
Homocysteine (μmol/l)       1.05 (−0.44;2.55) 0.16
  Baseline 11.7 3.9 12.6 3.0 0.31   
  2 weeks 12.9 4.3 12.8 3.1    
  1. Abbreviations: Ht Haematocrit, RBC Red blood cell count, WBC White blood cell count, ASAT Aspartate aminotransferase, ALAT Alanine amino transferase, GGT γ-Glutamyltransferase, AP Alkaline phosphatase.
  2. Mean values and standard deviations, intention-to-treat.
  3. aP values between the two intervention groups at baseline.
  4. bDifference = Palaeolithic-type diet – reference diet (with 95% CI).
  5. cP values between the two intervention groups after the intervention.