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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of circulating omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids with lipoprotein particle concentrations and sizes: population-based cohort study with 6-year follow-up

  Women Men P-value
N = 391 N = 274
Age, years, mean (SD) 46 (6) 46 (6) 0.52
Body mass index, kg/m2, mean (SD) 26.3 (5.2) 26.8 (3.6) 0.21
Waist, cm, mean (SD) 83 (23) 94 (10) <0.001
Lipid lowering medication, n (%) 5 (1) 11 (4) 0.023
Antihypertensive medication, n (%) 36 (9) 33 (12) 0.24
Antihyperglycemic medication, n (%) 1 (0) 6 (2) 0.022
Total cholesterol, mmol/L, mean (SD) 5.6 (0.97) 5.7 (0.98) 0.047
HDL cholesterol, mmol/L, mean (SD) 1.5 (0.33) 1.3 (0.30) <0.001
Triglycerides, mmol/L, mean (SD) 1.2 (0.63) 1.6 (0.92) <0.001
Glucose, mmol/L, mean (SD) 5.6 (0.59) 5.9 (0.96) <0.001
Insulin, mU/L, mean (SD) 9.9 (7.3) 10.3 (5.2) 0.38
Current smoking, n (%) 80 (21) 77 (27) 0.024
Reported use of alcohol, n (%) 309 (79) 239 (88) 0.004