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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: The association between "hypertriglyceridemic waist" and sub-clinical atherosclerosis in a multiethnic population: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Men n = 391 Women n = 418 Significance (p)
Age 46.6 ± 8.7 47.5 ± 8.8 0.130
Ethnicity    0.885
Aboriginal 90 (23.0%) 101 (24.2%)  
Chinese 101 (25.8%) 115 (27.5%)  
European 98 (25.1%) 99 (23.7%)  
South Asian 102 (26.1%) 103 (24.6%)  
Current smoker 50 (12.8%) 38 (9.1%) 0.058
Family history of CVD present (%) 171 (43.7%) 186 (44%) 0.827
Physical activity (min/week) 225 (97, 444) 208 (95, 413) 0.171
BMI 27.6 ± 4.3 27.4 ± 5.2 0.520
Waist circumference (cm) 92.7 ± 11.1 85.3 ± 12.1 < 0.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.25 ± 0.97 5.24 ± 1.03 0.925
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.13 ± 0.29 1.43 ± 0.36 < 0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.47 (0.99, 2.23) 1.18 (0.83, 1.63) < 0.001
Without HTGW 134 (35.5%) 168 (40.8%) 0.008
Elevated TG 31 (8.2%) 57 (13.8%)  
Elevated WC 128 (34.0%) 117 (28.4%)  
HTGW 84 (22.3%) 70 (17%)  
Glucose (mmol/L) 5.30 (5.00, 5.60) 5.10 (4.80, 5.40) < 0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 117 (110, 124) 115 (106, 125) 0.035
Intima-media thickness (mm) 0.68 (0.60, 0.77) 0.63 (0.58, 0.70) < 0.001
Total area (mm2) 16.60 (13.14, 23.99) 14.24 (12.00, 20.51) < 0.001
Presence of plaque 213 (54.5%) 191 (45.7%) 0.008
  1. Categorical variables presented as n (%). Normally distributed continuous variables presented as mean ± SD. Skewed continuous variables presented as median (25%, 75%). Sex differences in continuous and categorical variables explored by independent t-test and Chi-square test, respectively. HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; CVD: cardiovascular disease.