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Table 3 Characteristics of participating women stratified by presence of HTGW components**

From: The association between "hypertriglyceridemic waist" and sub-clinical atherosclerosis in a multiethnic population: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Without HTGW n = 168 Elevated TG n = 57 Elevated WC n = 117 HTGW n = 70 Overall significance (p)
Age (years) 48.1 ± 8.8 47.6 ± 9.7 47.3 ± 8.6 46.9 ± 8.8 0.795
Ethnicity      < 0.001
Aboriginal 19 (11.3%) 12 (21.1%) 46 (39.3%) 21 (30.0%)  
Chinese 61 (36.3%) 21 (36.8%) 24 (20.5%) 9 (12.9%)  
European 43 (25.6%) 6 (10.5%) 27 (23.1%) 21 (30.0%)  
South Asian 45 (26.8%) 18 (31.6%) 20 (17.1%) 19 (27.1%)  
Current smoker 7 (4.2%) 4 (7.0%) 10 (8.5%) 14 (20.0%) 0.001
Family history of CVD present (%) 79 (47.0%) 25 (43.9%) 48 (41.0%) 31 (44.3%) 0.798
Physical activity (min/week)*† 214 (183, 252) 197 (148, 260) 178 (147, 216) 162 (127, 208) 0.124
Body mass index* 23.8 (23.2, 24.3) 25.3 (24.3, 26.3) 31.0 (30.3, 31.7) 31.8 (30.9, 32.7) < 0.001a, b, c, d, e
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)* 5.11 ± 1.03 5.71 ± 1.13 4.99 ± 0.93 5.62 ± 0.87 < 0.001a, c, d, f
HDL-C (mmol/L)* 1.58 ± 0.36 1.32 ± 0.36 1.40 ± 0.30 1.23 ± 0.27 < 0.001a, b, c, f
Glucose (mmol/L)* 4.90 (4.70, 5.30) 5.10 (4.80, 5.40) 5.20 (4.90, 5.50) 5.30 (4.90, 5.60) < 0.001b, c
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)* 111 (104, 122) 114 (107, 125) 119 (109, 131) 120 (113, 127) < 0.001b, c
Intima-media thickness (mm)*† 0.63 (0.62, 0.64) 0.66 (0.64, 0.69) 0.65 (0.64, 0.67) 0.65 (0.64, 0.67) < 0.001a, b, c
Total area (mm2)*† 15.60 (14.76, 16.46) 16.76 (15.27, 18.41) 16.53 (15.49, 17.65) 17.46 (16.05, 18.99) < 0.001c
Presence of plaque 75 (44.6%) 24 (42.1%) 52 (44.4%) 37 (52.9%) 0.595
  1. *Age adjusted, presented as mean (95%CI), †geometric means; age presented as mean ± SD; Differences in continuous variables across categories of HTGW components variable explored by general linear modelling. Categorical variables presented as n (%). Associations between categorical variables and HTGW components variable explored by Chi-square test.
  2. Pairwise comparisons: ap < 0.05, Normal WC/Normal TG vs. Elevated TG/Normal WC; bp < 0.05, Normal WC/Normal TG vs. Elevated WC/Normal TG; cp < 0.05, Normal WC/Normal TG vs. HTGW; dp < 0.05, Elevated TG/Normal WC vs. Elevated WC/Normal TG; ep < 0.05, Elevated TG/Normal WC vs. HTGW; fp < 0.05, Elevated WC/Normal TG vs. HTGW.
  3. **Elevated waist circumference (WC) was ≥ 85 cm. Elevated triglyceride (TG) levels were ≥ 1.5 mmol/L. Six female participants are missing data for one or both hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTGW) components.