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Table 3 Comparison of the daily dietary consumption in HD patients versus the control group

From: Plasma and erythrocyte membrane phospholipids and fatty acids in Italian general population and hemodialysis patients

Daily dietary composition HD (n = 99) Controls (n = 160) P-value
Kcal (kcal) 1204.0 ± 275.8 1902.0 ± 280.8 <0.001
Vegetable protein (g) 26.8 ± 6.5 62.3 ± 7.5 <0.001
Animal protein (g) 34.5 ± 8.85 77.3 ± 9.95 <0.001
Vegetable lipids (g) 18.9 ± 4.4 57.8 ± 5.3 <0.001
Animal lipids (g) 23.8 ± 8.3 31.4 ± 7.6 <0.05
Fish (daily servings) 0.7 ± 0.32 0.9 ± 0.41 ns
Carbohidrates (g) 164.8 ± 36.9 304.8 ± 48.3 <0.001
Fiber (g) 0.75 ± 0.35 28.9 ± 0.56 <0.001
Retinol (ug) 118.9 ± 41.3 499.8 ± 43.4 <0.001
Niacin (mg) 12.8 ± 3.8 14.7 ± 4.8 ns
Vitamin E (mg) 9.9 ± 4.6 8.8 ± 2.9 ns
Cholesterol (mg) 264.4 ± 88.9 255.3 ± 93.4 ns
  1. P-Value <0.05 is statistically significant.
  2. HD: hemodialysis. Ns = non significant.