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Table 4 Results of multiple logistic regression analysis of the association between hypoadiponectinemia and various lifestyle factors (n = 195). Dependent variable: hypoadiponectinemia (adiponectin <4.0 μg/ml = 1, ≥4.0 μg/ml = 0)

From: Association between lifestyle factors and plasma adiponectin levels in Japanese men

Variables OR 95% CI p
Physical exercise 0.21 (0.06 – 0.74) 0.015
   (twice a week or more often = 1; once a week, a few times a month, never = 0)    
Smoking 2.08 (1.01 – 4.30) 0.047
   (smoker = 1; nonsmoker, ex-smoker = 0)    
Many deep-yellow vegetables 0.25 (0.07 – 0.91) 0.035
   (everyday = 1; often, sometimes, never = 0)    
Frequency of eating out 2.45 (1.19 – 5.08) 0.016
   (3 times a day, once a day = 1; a few days a week, a few days a month, never = 0)    
  1. OR: odds ratio, 95% CI: 95% confidence interval
  2. Adjusted for age, BMI, hypertension, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, hyperglycemia, platelet count, and the number of family history (diabetes mellitus, gout, stroke, hypertension, heart disease, or cancer).