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Table 1 Fatty acid composition of dietary oils (g/100 g of oil).

From: Dietary fatty acid composition alters 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 gene expression in rat retroperitoneal white adipose tissue

Fatty acid vanaspati palmolein sunflower
14:0 0.9 0.79 nd
16:0 38.4 35.6 6.55
16:1 nd 0.16 0.13
18:0 5.16 4.50 4.67
18:1t 20.1 nd nd
18:1c 29.4 45.6 44.0
18:2 4.31 12.4 43.6
20:0 0.48 0.55 0.45
18:3 nd 0.25 0.44
∑ SFA 45.0 41.5 11.7
∑MUFA 29.4 45.6 44.0
LA 4.30 12.4 43.6
ALNA nd 0.25 0.44
  1. nd-not detected, ∑SFA-total saturated fatty acids, ∑MUFA-total monounsaturated fatty acids, LA-lenoleic acid, ALNA-alpha-linolenic acid.
  2. Vegetable oils were purchased from a local market, and used as a source of dietary fat (10%).Vanapati, palmolien and sunflower oil were used for the preparation of trans fatty acid diet (TFA-diet), saturated fatty acid diet (SFA diet) and polyunsaturated fatty acid diet (PUFA- diet) respectively.