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Table 1 Effects of orally administered Kurozu concentrated liquid (KCL) on morphometric and metabolic variables

From: Effects of Kurozu concentrated liquid on adipocyte size in rats

  Control (mean ± SE)* KCL (mean ± SE)* Acetic acid (mean ± SE)*
Food consumption (g/day) 21.0 ±0.4 21.2 ± 0.6 21.2 ± 0.6
Body weight gain (g) 237 ± 7 243 ± 9 240 ± 9
Liver mass (g/100 g body weight) 4.55 ± 0.14 4.60 ± 0.17 4.42 ± 0.16
Leg muscle (g/100 g body weight) 1.13 ± 0.09 1.20 ± 0.07 1.20 ± 0.07
Fat mass (g/100 g body weight)    
   Subcutaneous 4.01 ± 0.23 3.41 ± 0.20 3.57 ± 0.21
   Mesenteric 1.16 ± 0.06 1.11 ± 0.07 1.23 ± 0.07
   Perirenal 0.453 ± 0.032 0.416 ± 0.034 0.499 ± 0.056
   Retroperitoneal 1.79 ± 0.11 1.82 ± 0.12 1.72 ± 0.09
   Epididymal 1.45 ± 0.15 1.53 ± 0.16 1.50 ± 0.13
   Brown adipose tissue 0.145 ± 0.010 0.132 ± 0.013 0.140 ± 0.009
Total mass 9.02 ± 0.32 8.42 ± 0.33 8.65 ± 0.38
Adipocyte size (μm2)    
   Subcutaneous 2895 ± 247b 1856 ± 269a 4392 ± 492c
   Perirenal 3869 ± 324b 2547 ± 330a 3657 ± 255b
   Mesenteric 1468 ± 133a, b 1271 ± 96a 1805 ± 137b
DNA (μg/g Subcutaneous fat) 16.4 ± 2.5e 32.0 ± 4.4d 14.3 ± 2.1e
Serum    
   Triacylglycerol (mg/dl) 253 ± 33 249 ± 32 185 ± 27
   Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 83.3 ± 9.9 68.5 ± 8.8 74.1 ± 7.4
   HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 48.4 ± 4.7 45.6 ± 5.3 47.8 ± 2.7
   Glucose (mg/dl) 140 ± 2 138 ± 4 144 ± 2
   Adiponectin (μg/ml) 3.90 ± 0.19 4.48 ± 0.27 4.50 ± 0.37
Blood glucose AUC (mg/dl•h) 99.8 ± 6.0 104 ± 7 107 ± 13
Liver (mg/g)    
   Triacylglycerol 24.7 ± 2.6 30.3 ± 5.6 23.5 ± 4.2
   Phospholipids 27.8 ± 0.6 25.9 ± 1.4 28.9 ± 0.6
   Cholesterol 3.53 ± 0.19 3.11 ± 0.31 3.18 ± 0.42
Fecal mass (g/day) 1.70 ± 0.05g 1.88 ± 0.03f 1.73 ± 0.05g
Fatty acid in feces (mg/day) 86.9 ± 6.4g 128 ± 7f 89.1 ± 7.6g
Fatty acid excretion rate (%/day) 3.91 ± 0.27g 5.67 ± 0.34f 3.96 ± 0.41g
  1. * Means and standard errors (SE) were determined for 7 rats per group. Different superscript letters indicate significant differences at a,b,cP < 0.05, f,gP < 0.01, d,eP < 0.001.
  2. Leg muscle mass indicates the sum of quadriceps weight of the right and left legs.
  3. HDL = high-density lipoprotein; AUC = area under the plasma concentration time curve.