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Table 3 Changes in energy balance, physical activity index, MS parameters and body composition during cure and follow-up.

From: Blood lipids and adipokines concentrations during a 6-month nutritional and physical activity intervention for metabolic syndrome treatment

  D0 D20 M3 M6 p-value
Energy Balance (kcal/d) 92 ± 521 -751 ± 147 -521 ± 304 -413 ± 304 D0 vs D20, M3 : p < 0.005
D20 vs M3, M6 : p < 0,02
Physical Activity 1,22 ± 0,09 1,42 ± 0,07 1,31 ± 1,97 1,30 ± 0,07 D0 vs D20, M3, M6 : p < 0,035
D20 vs M3, M6 : p < 0,003
Metabolic Syndrome parameters :     
   BMI (kg/m2) 30,4 ± 3,8 29,6 ± 3,6 28,4 ± 2,9 28,6 ± 2,9 D0 vs D20, M3, M6 : p < 0.0001
D20 vs M3, M6 : p < 0,0001
   Waist circumference (cm) 105,07 ± 7,39 102,68 ± 7,86 99,15 ± 6,31 98,92 ± 7,44 D0 vs D20, M3, M6 : p < 0,05
D20 vs M6 : p < 0,05
   Blood Pressure (mmHg) 137/83 ± 11/5 130/80 ± 13/5 129/80 ± 15/6 132/78 ± 16/9 Systolic BP D0 vs D20, M3 : p < 0,05 ; Diastolic BP : NS
   Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1,68 ± 1,15 1,19 ± 0,34 1,17 ± 0,40 1,27 ± 0,61 NS (p = 0,17)
   HDL (mmol/l) 1,44 ± 0,42 1,49 ± 0,31 1,31 ± 0,31 1,58 ± 0,46 D20 vs M3 : p = 0,005
M3 vs M6 : p = 0,005
   Glycaemia (mmol/l) 6,15 ± 1,86 6,26 ± 1,76 5,7 ± 1,97 6,28 ± 2,34 D20 vs M3 : p = 0,0409
M3 vs M6 : p = 0,0121
Body composition measured by DEXA :     
   Weight (kg) 85,59 ± 10,31 83,31 ± 9,90 80,08 ± 9,53 80,73 ± 10,38 D0 vs D20, M3, M6 : p < 0,0001
D20 vs M3, M6 : p < 0,0001
   Lean (g) 58287 ± 7473 57323 ± 7561 56488 ± 7892 56798 ± 7991 D0 vs D20, M3, M6 : p < 0,0001
   Total fat (g) 29542 ± 9752 26737 ± 9377 25524 ± 8939 26213 ± 9580 D0 vs D20, M3, M6 : p < 0,0001
   Visceral fat (g) 3277 ± 1235 2839 ± 1216 2695 ± 1069 2527 ± 1005 D0 vs D20, M3, M6 : p < 0,0001
D20 vs M6 : p < 0,0001
   Bone Mineral Density (g) 2421 ± 381 2447 ± 391 2416 ± 379 2456 ± 402 D0 vs M6 : p = 0,007
M3 vs M6 : p = 0,007
   Fat percentage (%) 32,33 ± 7,92 30,51 ± 8,26 29,9 ± 8,15 30,24 ± 8,33 D0 vs D20, M3, M6 : p < 0,0001